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  5. "I do not eat fish."

"I do not eat fish."

Translation:Я не ем рыбу.

December 9, 2015



Why рыбу instead of рыба?


Does Genitive case or Accusative case take priority in this situation?


Рыбу is accusative. Genitive would be рыбы/рыб


Ya isn't strictly necessary in this sentence.


I thought a negative should be followed by the genitive. e.g. Я не ем рыбы and not accusative рыбу .


In Polish, you're correct. Objects in accusative case use the genitive case when the verb is negated. In Russian, however, an object in the accusative case stays in the accusative case when the verb is negated. Nevertheless, when the noun's presence is negated, hence its absence, then the noun declines to the genitive case. For example,

Рыба на столе. "The fish is on the table."

Нет рыбы на столе. "There is no fish on the table."

Суп с рыбой, "soup with fish" [instrumental case]

Суп без рыбы, "soup without fish"


Wouldn't "Я не ем рыбов" be a more natural thing to say in Russian, following the example of other Slavic languages?


So even if you say "I never eat any fish", it would be just "Я не ем рыбу."?


Almost correct =) "I never eat any fish" would be in Russian "я никогда не ем рыбу", or if the sentence to translate more literally - "я никогда не ем никакую рыбу". "Я не ем рыбу" would be "I don't eat fish".

You may read my explanation of the using of this word which I wrote in my comments:



So Russian prefers singular even for generic statements → “I never eat an apple” instead of “I never eat apples”. Weird, but I think I got it – thanks!


No, it is not correct for all russian nouns. Some Russian nouns are mass and other are not:


"I don't eat apples" would be "я не ем яблоки"


It is interesting that "I eat" ends in -yem unlike most first person verbs that end in -yu.


There is a very small group of verbs in Slavic ending in that :) In Polish, there are 5 of them.


very extrange, maybe you mixed alphabets? e-е, y-у and/or H-Н.

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