Italian: Tu or Te ?
Can anyone please give me a link to the grammar on when to use Tu and when to use Te?
I'm being corrected in some of my sentences and I don't even know when to use Te instead of Tu. I just can't find any articles online other than http://www.zanichellibenvenuti.it/wordpress/?p=5731
It seems I use Tu when it's the subject and Te when it's not but there is more to it than I understand.
you go to school tu vai a scuola
i will go to school with you andrò a scuola con te
You're essentially correct. Tu is a subject pronoun, te is not. Te is a "strong" object pronoun, used after prepositions (like con) and can also be placed after the verb (as opposed to its "weak" counterpart, ti, which goes before the conjugated verb or attached to the infinitive) to provide more emphasis for the sentence.
Lui pensa solo a sé - He thinks only of himself. Sé is a strong object pronoun (and also acts reflexively)
Io ti voglio chiamare - I want to call you (regular construction)
Io voglio chiamarti - I want to call you (another regular construction)
Io voglio chiamare te - I want to call you (added emphasis on you because "te" was used)
Lei viene con te - She comes with you. After a preposition, use the strong object pronouns
Also, this website contains basically everything you might want to know about pronouns (of all types). You have to scroll a bit for the part about strong object pronouns.
Spero che questo ti aiuti!
Thanks. I have a feeling the pronouns are going to be very difficult to learn, given all the ways you have to understand them. That site was very large and I'm sure there is a lot more to understanding pronouns. In your opinion, what would you think is the hardest portion of learning Italian?
Don't worry, pronouns get easier with practice. I tend to struggle the most with little words: prepositions, conjunctions, etc. Finding the right connecting word to make the sentence fit together is the hardest for me. (Though perhaps this is because my Spanish is much better than my Italian, and the grammars differ slightly in this regard...)