When is the letter "o" pronunced like o and when like english i? How am I to know if this is read like poka or paka?
When "о" is unstressed, it is pronounced like "а", when it is stressed, it is pronounced like "o". The audio is quite good for this sentence, so you can learn the pronunciation by listening to it and then repeating the phrase yourself.
I understand that, but since the accent is implied and not marked, is there a way to "guess" if the stress is on that sylable or not? For example in words with two sylables will the stress usually be on first or second sylable or is there no rule?
Not a native speaker, but I have been taught that when "o" is in the first syllable, it typically is not stressed, and sounds more like the "o" in the word "dog." For example
but many exceptions to this exist. For example, in the following words:
о́зеро, ло́шадь, ко́шка, во́дка
the stress is on the first syllable, and therefore, the "o" sounds like the "o" in the word "go." The same can be said of words having just one syllable, such as
In words that have more than one "o," the only "o" that gets the long "o" sound (as in "go") is the one that is stressed. In the following, the only "o" receiving stress is the final "o."
If the syllable receiving stress is not one with "o," none receive the long "o" sound. For example:
In the end, I think you just have to learn them as you go, but hope this was helpful in some way.
[Note: Typically, you won't see these words with the accent marks. I simply added them to facilitate understanding.]
One final note: After writing this, I came upon a post later that describes pronunciation just a bit more. It was posted by slepton.
If the 'o' becomes BEFORE the stressed syllable in the word it is pronounced as 'a'. If the 'o' has the stress on it it is pronounced as 'o'. If it comes AFTER the stressed syllable it is pronounced as 'uh'.
How can you hear the difference between б and п? I think it sounds very similar
Пока is the colloquial, до свидания is a formal one. Another meaning of пока is meantime
Please I'm having a big proplem 'cause I've no iedea about russian letters so it's confusing
I just found a glitch: It said "Type what you hear", and I heard "Da, poka!", so I typed it in. But I kept on getting it wrong, so I typed the English translation, and I got the problem right!