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  5. "Ты сам должен готовить."

"Ты сам должен готовить."

Translation:You should cook for yourself.

December 10, 2015



I put "you should cook alone" but it got marked incorrect.

The answer was given as "you should cook yourself", which to me suggests something I think (hope!) they didn't intend ...


What's tricky here is that English 'yourself' is used in different ways. 'cook yourself' (with emphasis on 'cook') would be alarming! - that reflexive use of 'self' is Russian себя - Он думает о себе 'He's thinking about himself,' Он видит себя 'He sees himself.' Сам does not have this reflexive sense - instead, it gives emphasis. Она сама открыла дверь 'She opened the door herself,' Я видел самого́ президента 'I saw the president himself.'

'You yourself should cook' might make the difference clearer. Or try with different stress - You should cook yoursélf! (don't make anyone else cook) <> You should cóok yourself (!!!).


I wrote "You yourself should cook" but was marked incorrect. :( Duo insists on "for yourself" though I'm not sure that's the only acceptable meaning.


What about the translation for должен.. Why 'need' is not accepted?


должен isn't quite as strong as нужно or надо, it's more of a recommendation, so 'should' would be a more appropriate translation in English.


In my opinion, нужно < должен < обязан.


That had been my understanding.


I put 'ought to' and that was marked wrong. I've reported it.


I debated between

You should cook yourself. (As in, you do it rather than get take-out or wait for someone to do it for you)


You should cook for yourself. (Which, to me implies, without context like here, that you are making food for you alone. But could also mean cooking for yourself/others as opposed to waiting for someone else to do it for you or always getting take-out.)

I think the english translation can differ without context.


I think it's really only the first (the sense that you yourself should do it). Сам is used for emphasis, not the recipient of an action (that would often be для себя or себе). A few examples might help:

Он сам это написал. He wrote it himself. [nobody did it for him, he didn't have any help] Я сделаю это сама. I'll do it myself. [a woman is speaking, saying she doesn't need help, she'll do it on her own] Мы видели самого президента! We saw the president himself!

as opposed to...

Он купил себе машину своей мечты. He bought himself the car of his dreams.

Я приготовил себе кофе. I made [for myself] coffee.

Когда мы поженились, жена взяла себе мою фамилию. Теперь я просто Иван. When we got married, my wife took my last name. Now I'm just Ivan.

You might even see both together, though it comes out a little clumsy in English: Женщины сами купили себе подарки к 8 марта Women themselves [emphasis] bought [for] themselves presents for March 8. Here сами is adding emphasis, since typically it's men are supposed to buy gifts for the women in their lives on March 8 (International Women's Day).


YES. "You should cook yourself"

I want to watch you cook 'yourself.'

The English you are accepting MEANS to cook oneself, NOT TO COOK FOR oneself.



I don't think должен should be used for "should". Doesn't it carry more of an obligation? So "must" and "have to".

Нужно is for things that are necessary/should be done


I would understand 'by yourself' as 'alone,' which would be один, not сам.


In this sentence, 'by yourself' means "without requiring help from others".


... Now why would you cook yourself? You wouldn't be alive for the meal!!

(Eww... Russians can say some weird stuff...[nothing against you, though!])


"You must cook by yourself" is correct.


"You have to cook for yourself"

Makes better sense with the meaning of должен.


Where on earth is "should" coming from?! Under "dolzhen" it lists must, and have to... I guess dolzhen can mean "should" as well?


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Why for yourself?

You should cook (by) yourself - тебе следует самому готовить.

You should cook for yourself - тебе следует готовить для себя.

You should cook to/for him (she, them) - тебе следует готовить ему/для него (её, них).


You should cook yourself!!!! That's a bit brutal for Duolingo


what's the difference between сам and себя?


I'm confused as to why there's no conjugated verb in this sentence. Or if должен is like надо, why isn't it тебе (dative) сам должен?

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