Polish alphabet

{@ style = color: navy}Notes

  • a is a low central vowel for which there is no symbol in the IPA
  • ą = [o] before l or ł
  • ę = [e] before l or ł or at the end of a word
  • The i in ci, dzi, ni, si and zi is not pronunced when they are followed by another vowel, e.g. dzień
  • u sometimes = [w] in loanwords like auto [awtɔ] 'car'
  • The letters q (ku), v (fau) and x (iks) are also used, but only for foreign names or words.

Polish pronunciation is actually a lot more complicated than shown above.

{@ style = color: navy}Sample text in Polish

"Wszyscy ludzie rodzą się wolni i równi w swojej godności i prawach. Są obdarzeni rozumem i sumieniem i powinni postępować wobec siebie w duchu braterstwa."


<h1>{@ style = color: violet}~ Erica Isabelle Harley</h1>
December 10, 2015


I don't know how I'm going to get all this @_@ Then again Irish letters/orthography/pronunciation is second nature to me now so how much harder can this be?


December 10, 2015

[deactivated user]

    thx so much for this!!!!

    December 10, 2015

    You're welcome and thank you for reading! Some people were having trouble with the alphabet and pronunciation.

    December 10, 2015

    [deactivated user]

      yes, I was 1 of them. ;)

      December 10, 2015

      And also here is a youtube video with the sounds of the alphabet :) I find it easier to remember when I hear the sounds.

      December 10, 2015

      Is it true that the ó in Polish looks a bit different from the one in Spanish and Portuguese?

      December 13, 2015

      I'm not sure! I'll look into it, though.

      December 13, 2015

      I remember I saw a page about that, but I can't find it anymore

      December 13, 2015

      Theoretically, yes. But the two letters are so similar, that in computers they are represented by the same character and nobody actually care.

      February 7, 2016

      I found something about the "accents" on palatalized consonants:

      But in computer typography it's just normal acute accent so there is no difference.

      Also this: suggests that ó has always been written with acute accent.

      December 16, 2015

      What sound does ń make when at the end of a word?

      December 10, 2015

      It's pretty much n with a small i after it. It's not only in an end of a word though, for example in the word 'tańczyć' (to dance). Sounds like 'tan(i)chech'

      December 12, 2015

      I love omniglot!

      December 11, 2015

      Thanks so much for the help :D

      December 10, 2015

      Thanks for reading!

      December 10, 2015
      • 1315

      The i in ci, dzi, ni, si and zi is not pronunced when they are followed by another vowel, e.g. dzień

      Yes and... no. Before another vowel i is not pronounced, or pronounced shortly, but it serves however to soften the previous sound, so:

      • ci is sometimes pronunced as ć, sometimes as c' (soft c; it is almost like ć , but has a very short "ee"- like sound at its end)

      • ni may be n' (soft n) or ń , see above

      • si may be s' (soft s) or ś

      • zi may be z' (soft z) or ź

      • dzi is a bit special, it is a separate trigramme; it is a softer version of dz, or longer version of dź

      You may like to see also:

      December 11, 2015

      Thank you!

      December 11, 2015

      THA5A COOL

      December 11, 2015

      I'm so confused… How is the ''ł'' supposed to be pronounced? .__.

      December 1, 2018

      Pronounce it as /w/. The dark L is the old way, and you may hear it in old movies, used by some older people, or perhaps in the east.

      December 1, 2018

      "rz" should be /ʒ/, not /z/.

      December 11, 2015
      • 1656

      I thought in Standard Polish phonology, "rz" should be /ȥ/ (i.e. "z" with hook). The hook was probably cut off in the graphics above.

      December 11, 2015

      No, it should be [ȥ] in Standard Polish. It's similar to [ʒ], but it's not the same.

      December 15, 2015
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