"She is a woman."
Translation:Ona jest kobietą.
Is there a way of knowing how a word will turn in the instrumental based on the nominative? Should one assume that all words that end in -a in the nominative get a A-ogonek in the instrumental, or the rules are wilder than that? Thank you for your answers and for your incredible work :)
Instrumental is the most regular case, has fewest rules and no exceptions. a→ą is indeed correct.
it is a name of case. Polish language has 7 cases- Nominative, Genitive, Dative, Accusative, Instrumental, Locative and Vocative.
That means every noun has potentially 14 forms (usually some look the same, but which changes between words).
Instrumental is a form that theoretlically answers question "using what?" but it is also used after certain verbs and prepositions.
One of those verbs are być=to be and zostać=to become.
Which basically means- you need to look up "instrumental/narzędnik" form of noun to use after "jestem/jesteś/jest/jesteście/jesteśmy/są"
And this form of noun KOBIETA is KOBIETĄ
You learn verb with cases it needs. Or cases with most popular verbs.
With is=jest the rule is
jest noun (instrumental)
to/(to jest)/(jest to) noun (nominative)
jest adjective (nominative)
So unlike Russian and Ukrainian, I see that Polish uses "to be" in the present tense. Is this unique to Polish or do other Slavic languages do this too?
We use verb "to be" in present tense in Croatian. Jesam/sam = am Jesi/si = (you - singular) are Jest/je = is Jesmo/smo = (we) are Jeste/ste = (you - plural) are Jesu/su = (they) are The shortened form is used almost always
Everytime I write the "a" it says that it is wrong. Anybody have any suggestions??
I'm sorry, but your question is not really specific, where do you put "a", what's your whole answer?
On Android, I suggest installing the app called SwiftKey - you can have up to 5 languages on one keyboard (just hold the 'basic letter' for a moment and the special characters appear).
On iPhone, I believe they are just there automatically, again, just hold the 'basic letter'.