Depends on who's the subject. "Piję" is 1st person singular. I drink, I am drinking.
And "pije" is 3rd person singular. He/she/it drinks, he/she/it is drinking.
Also depends on who's the subject. "Jem" is 1st person singular. I eat, I am eating.
And "je" is 3rd person singular. He/she/it eats, he/she/it is eating.
In general, the verb forms vary per subject (I/he/they) and per number (sing./plural)
I am drinking = Ja piję. You are drinking = ty pijesz. He/she/it is drinking = on/ona/ono pije. We are drinking = my pijemy. You are drinking = wy pijecie. They are drinking = oni/one piją
"pić": ja piję, ty pijesz, on/ona/ono pije, my pijemy, wy pijecie, oni/one piją.
With the English translation, it was translated to both "She drinks water" and "She is drinking water". How can I know what the sentence means which tense? Is the meaning of this sentence taken within context depending on the situation?
In Polish we just have one Present Tense. So almost all verbs will work perfectly well for both Present Simple and Present Continuous.
Almost - but right now, you don't have to worry about it.
Now the 'vodka' in Russian makes sense! :D I had an ah-ha moment when I put it all together. Water in Russian, another Slavic language, is voda (which is similar to wodę pronunciation-wise). Vodka comes from voda. I love how they're all connected. :)
Russian isn't a true slavic language, like ukrainian is. Ukrainians can understand polish, czech, bulgarian, slovenian, hungarian etc. Russians understand only russian
Being so talanted ukranians don't know that hungarian isn't a slavic language. I really doubt that ukranians, even being as smart as they are, can understand it without learning.
Is it true that the vowels with this hook under it are nasals? It was the case with words before this but in "wodę" I can hardly a nasal. Is there one?
Word-final -ę is commonly pronounced like -e if there is no risk of misunderstanding, like in case of this sentence.
''Woda'' here is in the accusative case, which is ''wodę''. Does this mean we are talking about her's (or ''ona"'s) water specifically?