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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/A_User

Oni vs. One

What's the difference between oni and one? When do you use which one?

December 11, 2015

12 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/anitramwaju

In the Basics 2 skill notes :

Oni is used to refer to all groups that contain at least one male person. In other words, both all-male and mixed male and female groups are referred to as oni.

One is used to refer to all groups that do not contain any male persons. Therefore, groups of female persons, groups of neuter persons and groups containing both female and neuter persons are referred to as one.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Knoxienne

oni - "they" masculine, one - "they" feminine :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/A_User

Thank you! What do you use for a mixed group?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/br0d4
Mod
  • 1837

"oni" for mixed group; "one" is also for neutral gender (f.ex. children)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Knoxienne

Yes, thank you! :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Knoxienne

I imagine that the masculine "oni" would be used - the masculine is the default with other languages, so I'm guessing it's the same with Polish?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JAndrzej

Yes, you are right, it's "oni".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/schmidzy

It is not really addressed in the tips and notes, but the key word is really that oni has to include a male "person." Other masculine-gendered nouns that are not people (e.g. animals and objects) would be included in one (unless there is at least one male person in the group).

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