I am going to have to get back on my laptop , doing this on my phone is hopeless, without tips and notes i am not learning much i have to rely on these discussions to find anything. I like to grab 10 minutes where i can though. If DL can find a way to get the notez onto phones it would really be helpful
Assuming you're fluent in English, the pronunciation would roughly be : "On yest tchwovyehkiem" (pronounce it as if they were English words, so "on y-est tch-wo-vieh-kiem"). The ch is the same sound as in "chip" in English. The "vieh" part is like the "Vie" in "Vietnam".
Phonetically, the exact /ɔn̪ jɛst t͡ʂwɔˈvʲɛ.kʲɛm/, or for a slightly incorrect but simpler version, /ɔn jɛst t͡ʂwɔˈviɛkiɛm/
Exactly as it is described in the "Tips Notes" in Defining - it is a construction type:
- Noun / Pronoun (nom. case) is (a, a type of) Other Noun (instr. case)
On (nom. case) jest chłopcem (instr. case) - He is a boy
Ona (nom. case) jest kobietą (instr. case) - She is a woman
Pies (nom. case) jest zwierzęciem (instr. case) - Dog is an animal
There are also similar constructions of the same type in other tenses:
Ten chłopiec (nom. case x2) chce być policjantem (instr. case) - This boy wants to became a policeman
Te kobiety (nom. case x2) zostaną pielęgniarkami (instr. case) - These women will become nurses
Ten pies (nom. case x2) będzie psem przewodnikiem (instr. case x2) - This dog will be a guide dog
Ci panowie (nom. case x2) byli żołnierzami (instr. case) - These men were soldiers
Because there's a difference whether someone "jest człowiekiem" (is a homo sapiens) or "jest dobrym człowiekiem" (is a good person).
"On jest człowiekiem" is literally about the species, homo sapiens. "He is a person" could be used in science-fiction or fantasy for another sentient species.