"The boy"


December 11, 2015



Polish looks a very interesting language. I just love the way words are spelled in this language. I believe that I will enjoy learning Polish with duolingo.

December 20, 2015


How is "ch" pronounced? It sounds like "hwo." If it isn't there already, this course should add a pronunciation guide for certain letter combinations that English speakers would not be familiar with.

December 27, 2015


Short answer: It's a form of the "h" sound. It's like the "ch" in the English loanword "chutzpah," or the Scots "loch" (as long as you don't overdo it and say "lock").

Long answer: English produces the "h" sound either with a constriction of airflow between the tongue and the palette near the front of the mouth (in the case of the sound in "huge") or with no particular airflow restriction in the mouth (in the case of "hat.")

Polish isn't either of those. Instead, move the constriction of airflow to the back of the mouth.

Oh, and the "w" sound you mention comes from the letter "ł," which is quite different from the letter "l." So, yeah, more or less what English would render as "hwope-yets."

December 27, 2015



December 28, 2015


What is 'ten'?

December 11, 2015


"Ten" means "this" (masculine singular).

December 11, 2015


To elaborate a bit: Since Polish does not have articles, "a boy" and "the boy" are both just "boy." However, in cases where you need to be clear about a specific boy (where English might use "the"), you use a more specific determiner to indicate which boy. So "this boy" is a near equivalent for "the boy" as well.

December 19, 2015


Nie ma to jak znać polski i robić ten kurs xD

January 5, 2016


It should be "this boy" for ten chłopiec not "the boy"

December 29, 2015


Does "ł" always sound like w? Złoty would be "zwoti" for example?

December 27, 2015


Yes :)

December 27, 2015


While that's correct with respect to the letter "ł," just to be clear we might represent the sound of "złoty" as "zwotih." (Note to Polish readers, that's an English silent 'h').

English pronounces the Polish currency like "zlot-ee," but not only is 'ł' not the same letter as 'l,' but the Polish 'y' sounds like an English short 'i.'

January 11, 2016


what is the plural of -chlopiec-

February 9, 2016



February 9, 2016



March 23, 2016


How are chlopcem and chlopiec both right for a boy. (Hope i have spelt both right)

July 10, 2016


Polish has cases (something like I me my), we have 7 so there are in theory 7 forms of every word and another 7 for plural. (there are always some that look the same).

take a look at the table

chłopcem is instrumental case. Right now you use it in the I am a boy/he is a boy sentences . It is a case that follows "być"=jestem, jesteś, jest... more on that here, short info here

July 10, 2016


'Ten' doesn't translate as 'the', it translates as 'this'. 'The boy' would just translate as 'chłopiec'.

June 4, 2017


Well, "ten" is kinda an 'interpretation' of "the", because often "the boy" in fact means something close to "this boy".

But you're right, it sure shouldn't be a starred answer. Deleted now.

June 4, 2017
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