"I like fruit."

Translation:Lubię owoce.

December 11, 2015

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According to wiktionary, "owoce" is the plural of "owoc" - should we use the singular only when we're referring to a single fruit, or making a general statement about its nature (i.e. "Jabłko jest owocem" for "An apple is a fruit")?

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Owoc refers to a singular fruit, and less frequently, to fruit harvest as a whole, as some sort of a mass noun. To refer to fruit in the mass sense, you use owoce, and you use plural to refer to each kind of fruit as well.

In your example: jabłko jest owocem, jabłka są owocami.


Thank you for the clarification!


Why does owece not change to something like owecę here?


The accusative "-ę" ending is typical of feminine singular nouns. "Owece" is a plral masculine (inanimate) noun.

Masculine inanimate nouns have the same form in the accusative as the nominative.


Thank you so much. There is a lot of information in your comment!


I'm not sure if there are any other Spanish-speakers here, but can "ja" be used as and when, or for emphasis, like the Spanish "yo" for "I"?


The funny part is that the same word mean «vegetable» in Russian... Go figure


In Polish many strange word espeсially for Ukraine and Russian. In our language sometimes polish word understand opposite mening to same word in Ukraine or Russian. It is so funny))


Like zapomnieć means "to forget" in Polish but in Russian, запомнить (zapomniť) means "to memorize."


I will probaly need perfect pronounciation for when I learn about the cases. Polish is such a hard language to learn!


Yes, it is, but the spelling is consistent, unlike English. It sounds like it's spelled (in Polish spelling rules).


How is vegetables?


"Warzywa" are vegetables, "jedno warzywo" is one vegetable.


can duolingo make a bigger list of accusative nouns because how is one person to know if owoce is gender neutral?


Did you mean 'neuter'? If so, it's not neuter, it's nonvirile, since fruit are not people. And all nonvirile nouns have identical nominative and accusative forms. I don't think you need a list for that.


Maybe it's late for me, but what I'm trying to say is how do I know what nouns are novirile and what aren't (what ever novirile means).


"virile" is a more concise name for "masculine personal plural". It's a plural for "groups of people including at least one man".

"nonvirile" = "not masculine-personal plural", which is used for everything that doesn't fit above.


It's funny because in Russian owoce-овощи means vegetables. They are false friends or something like that.

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