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https://www.duolingo.com/EricaHarley

Some interesting Polish facts

<h1>Polish (polski)</h1>

Polish is a Western Slavonic language with about 40 million speakers mainly in Poland. There are also significant Polish communities in Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine, and significant numbers of Polish speakers in many other countries, including the Czech Republic, Germany, Slovakia, Latvia, Romania, the UK and USA. Polish is closely related to Kashubian, Lower Sorbian, Upper Sorbian, Czech and Slovak.

Polish at a glance

  • Native names: polski, język polski, polszczyzna
  • Linguistic affliation: Indo-Europea, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, West Slavic, Lechitic
  • Number of speakers: c. 40 million
  • Spoken in: Poland, Lithuania, Belarus, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Romania, Ukraine and many other countries.
  • First written: 1136
  • Writing system: Latin script
  • Status: official language in Poland, recognized minority language in Czech Republic, Slovakia, Romania and Ukraine

Polish first appeared in writing in 1136 in the "Gniezno papal bull" (Bulla gnieźnieńska), which included 410 Polish names. The first written Polish sentence was day ut ia pobrusa a ti poziwai (I'll grind [the corn] in the quern and you'll rest), which appeared in Ksiega henrykowska in 1270. In Modern Polish spelling that sentence is daj ać ja pobruszę, a ty poczywaj.

Great Polish poets include Jan Kochanowski (1530-84) and Adam Mickiewicz (1798-1855), the 'national bard' and author of an epic entitled "Pan Tadeusz". The most famous writer of Polish orgin is Joseph Conrad or Konrad Korzeniowski (1857-1924), who wrote in English and started out as a sailor.

Literary Polish is based on the dialects of Gniezno, Cracow and Warsaw, though there is some dispute about this.

The native name for Polish is polski (Polish), język polski (the Polish language), or more formally, polszczyzna (Polish).

source: omniglot.com

~ Erica Isabelle Harley

2 years ago

10 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/het_aapje
het_aapje
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Here's another: Polish is spoken by roughly 546,000 people in the UK, making it the largest "Immigrant language" and so spoken by about 1% of the population.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/vytah
vytah
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Poles are the largest immigrant groups in Ireland, Iceland and Norway (at least that is what data from 2014 say)

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/het_aapje
het_aapje
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That's interesting, I thought it was just the UK.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/EricaHarley

Oh, really? I didn't know that!

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/bellabrabazon

This is cool.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/EricaHarley

Thank you!

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Ecclemain

And the silesian language?

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/rozamunduszek

Generally, it is considered just a Polish dialect.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Ecclemain

Yes i know but i think that the silesian language(or dialect?) should be mentioned.

Its a very decent text but i need to talk about this :D

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Anna_Elsa_J.

Some people say that's a dialect of Polish, others say that's a separate language... It's mostly understandable for Polish speakers, but sometimes it isn't.

2 years ago