https://www.duolingo.com/EricaHarley

Some interesting Polish facts

<h1>Polish (polski)</h1>

Polish is a Western Slavonic language with about 40 million speakers mainly in Poland. There are also significant Polish communities in Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine, and significant numbers of Polish speakers in many other countries, including the Czech Republic, Germany, Slovakia, Latvia, Romania, the UK and USA. Polish is closely related to Kashubian, Lower Sorbian, Upper Sorbian, Czech and Slovak.

Polish at a glance

  • Native names: polski, język polski, polszczyzna
  • Linguistic affliation: Indo-Europea, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, West Slavic, Lechitic
  • Number of speakers: c. 40 million
  • Spoken in: Poland, Lithuania, Belarus, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Romania, Ukraine and many other countries.
  • First written: 1136
  • Writing system: Latin script
  • Status: official language in Poland, recognized minority language in Czech Republic, Slovakia, Romania and Ukraine

Polish first appeared in writing in 1136 in the "Gniezno papal bull" (Bulla gnieźnieńska), which included 410 Polish names. The first written Polish sentence was day ut ia pobrusa a ti poziwai (I'll grind [the corn] in the quern and you'll rest), which appeared in Ksiega henrykowska in 1270. In Modern Polish spelling that sentence is daj ać ja pobruszę, a ty poczywaj.

Great Polish poets include Jan Kochanowski (1530-84) and Adam Mickiewicz (1798-1855), the 'national bard' and author of an epic entitled "Pan Tadeusz". The most famous writer of Polish orgin is Joseph Conrad or Konrad Korzeniowski (1857-1924), who wrote in English and started out as a sailor.

Literary Polish is based on the dialects of Gniezno, Cracow and Warsaw, though there is some dispute about this.

The native name for Polish is polski (Polish), język polski (the Polish language), or more formally, polszczyzna (Polish).

source: omniglot.com

~ Erica Isabelle Harley

December 11, 2015

12 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/het_aapje

Here's another: Polish is spoken by roughly 546,000 people in the UK, making it the largest "Immigrant language" and so spoken by about 1% of the population.

December 11, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/vytah
  • 1361

Poles are the largest immigrant groups in Ireland, Iceland and Norway (at least that is what data from 2014 say)

December 11, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/het_aapje

That's interesting, I thought it was just the UK.

December 11, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/EricaHarley

Oh, really? I didn't know that!

December 11, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/bellabrabazon

This is cool.

December 11, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/EricaHarley

Thank you!

December 11, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Ecclemain

And the silesian language?

December 11, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/rozamunduszek

Generally, it is considered just a Polish dialect.

December 11, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Ecclemain

Yes i know but i think that the silesian language(or dialect?) should be mentioned.

Its a very decent text but i need to talk about this :D

December 11, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Anna_Elsa_J.

Some people say that's a dialect of Polish, others say that's a separate language... It's mostly understandable for Polish speakers, but sometimes it isn't.

December 15, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/Taigaer

Does anyone know, what dialect duolingo's Polish course is most similar to?

March 23, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/alik1989

Do you mean, which dialect is the closest to Standard Polish? According to Wikipedia it's the dialekt wielkopolski (Poznań region).

dialekt wielkopolski – podstawa języka literackiego

https://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dialekty_j%C4%99zyka_polskiego#Charakterystyka

Although, it also says there that both the dialekt Małopolski (Krakow region) and dialekt mazowiecki (Warsaw Region) influenced Standard Polish to some degree.

March 23, 2019
Learn Polish in just 5 minutes a day. For free.