December 11, 2015



What is the different definition types between 'wodę' and 'woda'?

December 11, 2015

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These are two different cases of one noun (both in singular form): - 'woda' is nominative (noun is a subject of the sentence like 'Woda jest w szklance' = 'The water is in the glass') - 'wodę' is accusative (noun is a direct object, like "Mam wodę" = 'I have water')

December 11, 2015


And about the pronunciation? Are these two cases spoken in the same way?

December 23, 2015


Polish is generally spoken as written when you know the rules. Every letter has its sound and it isn't changed when you are reading whole word. "a" is something like English "ah" and "ę" is something like French "en" eg. in "bien".

December 27, 2015


ę IS changed when you read the whole word actually, because when at the end of the word (like in wodę) it is pronounced simply as -e, without any nasal quality.

March 31, 2016


I'd argue that the nasal quality in those situations is diminished, but nonetheless exists. Of course it depends on person, region, attentiveness to detail and exact word and surrounding sounds. I personally like the sound of nasal vowels and try to speak them when appropriate and appreciate people who do. Not counting some exceptions, you'd be perfectly understood without nasality at the end of the word, but sometimes judged as sloppy by language purists.

April 1, 2016


I no longer hear sound when using Duolingo. The problem has been happening for two days and is not happening with any other app on my phone. So in the 'Type what you hear' exercises I am just guessing.

October 4, 2017
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