To open the box of pandora: Polish practically has twice as many verbs as the average language, because all verbs have a perfective an imperfective aspect. Perfective implies than the action is either punctual or completed, while imperfective implies that the outcome of whatever it is you are doing is still pending, or that an action is habitual, or somesuch. Theoretically both sentences Idziesz do szkoły (perfective) and Chodzisz do skoły (imperfective) are perfectly fine. But the first one implies that you are going to school in this very moment, while the second one implies that you generally attend to school. Quite often the perfective form can be translated with the progressive form in English and the imperfective form with the perfect form. To make things worse, knowing the perfective form doesn't necessarily mean knownig the imperfective form and vice versa, as the perfective form of to go is iść and the imperfective is chodzić. Sometimes both forms are even identical. Further, as you might already have guessed, the whole spectrum of perfective and imperfective forms exists for all tenses, so you can both say chodziłem do szkoły (imperfective) and szedłem do szkoły (perfective) which mean I went to school / used to go to school and I was going to school respectively. Cheers!
I could be wrong about this - but I think what adds to the confusion is the algorithm for suggesting the correct answer when one gets it wrong.
If one answers "Are you walking to school?" - it is marked wrong & "Are you going to school?" is suggested as the correct answer. This implies that the issue is "go" v "walk" - when really the issue is perfective v imperfective.
If one answers "Do you walk to school?", it is accepted - because one has now used 'walk' in a the right way. So, if when one tries "Are you walking to school?", it suggested "Do you walk to school?" instead, thereby emphasising the perf v imp aspect - I think it could be less confusing.
Of course, it's the fact that English is so much looser with imp v perf that makes it hard for the software. Generating suggestions with simple word substitution is certainly easier.
I am a native polish speaker. The audio is definitely wrong - it's "wchodzisz", not "chodzisz". :-) I already reported the mistake
I'm really confused with go and walk, and more with this sentence, can someone please translate these sentences so i can understand more:
Do you go to school? (you usually go to school) Are you going to school? (you are going to school right now) Do you walk to school (you usually go to school by walking) Are you walking to school? (you are going to school right now by walking)
Is there a difference between go and walk, or is there a verb for every kind of way of "going" somewhere?
Provided that "going" is on foot, we teach it like that:
chodzić = to walk, to go (generally)
iść = to be walking, to be going (at the moment)
Also, "to be walking" (without a purpose and destination, just walking around) = chodzić.
Do you go to school? = Czy chodzisz do szkoły?
Are you going to school? = Czy idziesz do szkoły?
Do you walk to school? = Czy chodzisz do szkoły?
Are you walking to school? = Czy idziesz do szkoły?
To emphasize going "on foot", if you really want to make sure that it is this and not taking a car, you can add pieszo/piechotą/na piechotę. All of them mean "on foot".
Thanks for helping us understand that it's not an issue of "go vs. walk", it's an issue of "right now vs generally". Up to this point I've been thinking all verbs in Polish could be used either way, since they've both been accepted in other lessons. Is go/walk an exception, or do most verbs have separate forms for right now and generally?
Almost all verbs work well for both Present Simple and Present Continuous. It's Verbs of Motion that are an exception from this, having separate verbs for those tenses. Moreover, some actions have 'habitual' verbs that work only for Present Simple, but the 'normal' verb works fine for both anyway. For example "czytam" works both for Simple and Continuous, but you can also use "czytuję" which will make it clear that it's 'generally'.
A little consistency would be nice. Chodzimy (walking) v. chodzisz (going). ??