In what case is "tamtą kobietę?" Because when I looked up the declension of ta, it showed tę for the accusative... but tą for instrumentalis... but then kobietę would be kobietą, right? So why is it tamtą here?
You are right, there's a difference in 'Ta' and 'Tamta' accusative. Fortunately, the only one. Nominative - ta/tamta; Genitive - tej/tamtej; Dative - tej/tamtej; Accusative - TĘ/TAMTĄ; Instrumental - tą/tamtą; Locative - tej/tamtej;
Is there any way to put into layman's terms what "Nominative", "Genitive", "Dative", "Accusative", "instrumental", and "Locative" mean? Because determining what version of ta, tej, tą, etc. has been my biggest struggle so far. Especially with words like water (do I use wode, woda, wody, or wodę?) and other words that could have different final letters. I haven't really hit a lesson that helps me understand it better.
Here you can find more explanations about Polish cases: http://mowicpopolsku.com/polish-grammar/cases/
Here you can find a simplified chart of declension: https://imgur.com/NjFhVJV
Absolutely, when listening in normal mode, it is definitely [ty]. Also, the intonation does not imply any question! 9 of 10 Polish people told me the voice said 'you know that woman'!
The intonation is almost 'the other way round' in this TTS :/ Most questions sound like statements, most statements sound like questions.