"Они поют и играют музыку за деньги."
Translation:They sing and play music for money.
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за = for, they sing and dance for money, so they are doing this for the sake of earning money. для = for (a thing, person) If you use для in this sentence it means that they are singing and dancing in front of money. Maybe because the money forced them to do it, so they are doing this.
для is used when you will give a gift to someone, like этот подарок для тебе
It's very helpfull, for me Brazilian it's the difference between "por" and "para o/a" so "нам надо нарезать грибы для салат" = "precisamos cortar cogumelos para a salda", the salad is in need for mushrooms, while "нам надо нарезать грибы за салат" = "precisamos cortar cogumelos por salada", we slice mushrooms to receive salad.
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The English translation here is extremely strange. Normally we would say they play music and sing for money. The way this is written it says they sing music and they play music. While I suppose that is technically correct, it's very awkward to put sing and play in this order.
I have never understood why the Russian language has prepositions, if the purpose of the cases is to negate said prepositions.
Could someone explain to me in what contexts NEED prepositions. This is my only problem at the moment and it would help me a lot if I could know.
Thanks in advance!
I think there's a slight difference. To me, "for pay" sounds like salaried work...they are paid by the restaurant to play there every Thursday. "For money" is more generic...they play music with the aim of making money, but it's not a regular salaried gig. They perform here and there and collect money when and where they can.
I disagree. "Playing for money" sounds very natural. You can do anything "for money." "Professional" and "for a living" are more specific--they mean that what is described is one's actual profession and the primary means of income. However you can easily be a musician as a hobby and play for some small amount from the local bar every other weekend.