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use "an" only when it comes before a word with a vowel sound (an artist, an orange)
Only at the end of a word. In the middle of a word it makes the typical english "D" sound.
It also helps you as a language learner keep from getting words mixed up, because if it is capitalized in the middle of the sentence, you know it is a noun (if you aren't already sure)
It's just a quirk of the language. All nouns are capitalised in German. I think it makes things easier.
I don't understand why we put 'ein' not 'eine' in the previous example( ich bin ein Madchen) it should be 'eine' , right? what I know is that 'eine' is an indefinite article for feminine and 'ein' is also an indefinite article but for masculine plez, could you explain? i don't get it
First of all, German has three genders: Masculine, Neuter, and Feminine. You're correct that 'ein' is masculine and 'eine' is feminine. However, 'ein' is also used for the neuter gender. 'Mädchen' is a neuter word. You will find it useful to remember that grammatical gender does not necessarily relate to biological gender.
Well, for girl it would be 'Ich bin eine Kind' and for boy it would be 'Ich bin win Kind.'
Be careful here! 'Kind' is a neuter word, not masculine or feminine. Even if the 'kind' is a male or a female, it is still treated as a neuter noun.
- boy: He is a child / Er ist ein Kind.
- girl: She is a child / Sie ist ein Kind.
It's like the word Person (german for 'person', surprise surprise! :P) - it is a feminine word, but even if the person is a man, the word is still treated as feminine:
- man: He is a person / Er ist eine Person
- woman: She is a person / Sie ist eine Person