Translation:I have the fish.
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In order to give a more grammatical explanation for the examples of mati2065: Nominative is used for the subject of the sentence, i.e. when the fish does something or is described. On the other hand, when the fish is the direct object of the sentence, thus when someone does something to the fish directly, you use accusative.
It was mentioned some lessons before - you can use nominative with verbs like "być" (to be) or "zostać" (to become). We are using accusative in Polish with verbs like "mieć" (to have), "lubić" (to like), "jeść" (to eat). The noun in accusative somehow describes/explain/reveal what you have/like/eat etc. Sorry for my English, I hope it helps you ;)
I know it is random, and maybe you already know it, but your surname would be spelt "Światkowski" in Poland :)
Yes, I think that the Duolingo program recognizes "I've" as also meaning "I have", but they have not programmed it to understand that this form is only used when "have" is an auxiliary or helping verb. This exists for all the languages, translating to or from English. The program would have to see if another verb were coming after it before allowing the contraction, but programming can be rather long and I don't see this being resolved too soon.
I also took Latin. Perhaps you need to brush up on your Latin. https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Latin/Lesson_2#Case
http://www.archives.nd.edu/cgi-bin/lookdown.pl?possess Bonum animum habere (to be of good courage) actually translates to "To have good courage" If you look carefully, courage is in Accusative case.
The nouns that come after the verb "to be" or "to become" are the ones that stay in the Nominative case because they refer back to the subject. In "I am a student.", I = student (same person).
In "I have a cat.", cat is the direct object which would be in Accusative case.
Now if you were to say "The student's cat is a small animal." "Student" would be in Genitive case, "cat" would be in Nominative case and "animal" would be in Nominative case.