"Duzi chłopcy nie noszą skarpet."

Translation:The big boys do not wear socks.

December 16, 2015



So, if they wear socks: "skarpety" (acc, pl), and if they don't: "skarpet" (gen, pl). And the nom sg is "skarpeta". Am I right?

January 6, 2016


"skarpet" is genitive case, right?

December 16, 2015

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Genitive plural. Which for nouns ending in -a (like skarpeta) usually has no ending.

December 16, 2015


Right, in Polish "dopełniacz". Often mistaken with accusative ("biernik"), because it have similar questions (genitive: "kogo? czego? [nie ma]" - who? what? [is absent], accusative "kogo? co? [widzę]" - who? what? [I see])

December 16, 2015


4d1n, Your explanation above is better than my text book. Can you expand this 'Kto? Co?' for the cases please.

February 19, 2018


Mianownik (Nominative): kto? co? (to jest)

Dopełniacz (Genitive): kogo? czego? (nie ma)

Celownik (Dative): komu? czemu? (przyglądam się)

Biernik (Accusative): kogo? co? (widzę)

Narzędnik (Instrumental): z kim? z czym? (rozmawiam)

Miejscownik (Locative): o kim? o czym? (mówię)

Wołacz (Vocative): o!

February 20, 2018


This is something I've wondered about for a while: this sentence could be translated as "the big boys are not wearing socks". The two English sentences have different meanings. How, in Polish, is that difference expressed?

March 19, 2016


There is no difference in sentence structure in Polish for this. The listener ascertains the meaning of the speaker from the context of the conversation. For example, in English, you wouldn't say "Right now, I don't wear socks." You'd say "Right now, I'm not wearing socks." In Polish the "right now" is the context that determines your meaning.

April 8, 2016


"The big boys do not wear carpets."

April 20, 2017


Nice try :)

October 15, 2017


So,it's a genetive pl because of the negative, as François asked,right?

July 16, 2017


Almost. The fact that it's negative is not enough to 'cause' Genitive. It's because the affirmative sentence took Accusative, that the negation causes Genitive.

Other cases just stay the same when negated.

July 16, 2017


I didn't know that. Thank you for that! Interesting!

July 16, 2017

[deactivated user]

    The large boys wear no socks

    Care to explain the difference_

    June 9, 2017


    "large boys" usually implies the size of the boys. "Big boys" often refers to age primarily with size following secondarily. Big boys are usually like age 10-preteen. Little boys are ages 4-9 maybe?

    June 10, 2017


    Why not skarpety?

    June 14, 2018


    It's Genitive.

    "nosić" (to wear) takes Accusative, but when a verb that took Accusative gets negated, it takes Genitive instead. This is the only case which changes when negated, other ones just stay the same.

    However, one user recently pointed to me that the Clothing section suddenly uses Genitive which wasn't exactly introduced before, and there's a "Negations" skill afterwards - so this sentence probably shouldn't be here. Removed.

    June 15, 2018
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