https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CliffJonesJr

105 More Concepts in Polish

This is a follow-up to "95 Core Concepts in Polish". As promised, I've taken word frequency into account and brought the list to an even 200. To learn how exactly I settled on these particular concepts and see what other languages have been added so far, check out "105 More Concepts Across Languages".

Abbreviations:
m = masculine gender ("ten")
f = feminine gender ("ta")
n = neuter gender ("to")

Nouns:
96) time/instance/occurrence = czas (m), raz (m), przypadek (n), wydarzenie (n)
97) shade/shadow = cień (m)
98) house/home = dom (m)
99) head = głowa (f)
100) belly/abdomen = brzuch (m)
101) navel/belly-button = pępek (m)
102) heart/core = serce (n), jądro (n)
103) back = tył (m), plecy (n)
104) thigh = udo (n)
105) wing = skrzydło (n)
106) nail/claw = paznokieć (m), pazur (m)
107) animal/beast = zwierzę (n), bestia (f)
108) ant = mrówka (f)
109) cat = kot (m), kotka (f)
110) pig = świnia (f)
111) snake = wąż (m)
112) worm = robak (m)
113) parent/father/mother = rodzic (m), ojciec (m), matka (f)
114) sibling/brother/sister = brat (m), siostra (f), rodzeństwo (n)
115) spouse/husband/wife = małżonek (m), małżonka (f), mąż (m), żona (f)
116) day = dzień (m)
117) cloud = chmura (f)
118) snow = śnieg (m)
119) ice = lód (m)
120) river/stream = rzeka (f), strumień (m)
121) sea/ocean = morze (n), ocean (m)
122) seed = ziarno (n), pestka (f)
123) grass/lawn = trawa (f), trawnik (m)
124) flower/blossom = kwiat (m), kwiecie (n)
125) bark/husk = kora (n), łupina (f)

Verbs:
126) do/make = robić
127) be = być
128) become/get = zostać, stać się
129) have = mieć
130) want = chcieć
131) can/be-able-to = móc, potrafić
132) think/consider = myśleć, rozważać
133) go = iść, jechać
134) walk/run = chodzić, iść, biec
135) take = brać
136) carry/wear = nieść, nosić
137) tie/bind = wiązać, zawiązać
138) hide = ukrywać, chować
139) fall = spadać, upadać
140) cry/weep = płakać, szlochać
141) blow = dmuchać
142) suck = ssać, wciągać
143) hit/beat = uderzać, bić, walić, ubijać
144) crush/grind = miażdżyć, mleć
145) live = żyć
146) sleep = spać
147) work = pracować
148) play = grać
149) swim = pływać, płynąć
150) hunt = polować
151) dance = tańczyć
152) sing = śpiewać
153) count = liczyć
154) vomit = wymiotować

Adjectives:
155) right/correct/proper = dobry, właściwy, prawidłowy, słuszny
156) bad/wrong = zły, niepoprawny, niewłaściwy
157) far/distant = daleki, odległy
158) hard (not soft) = twardy
159) thick = gruby
160) thin = cienki, chudy
161) narrow = wąski
162) sweet = słodki
163) bitter = gorzki
164) hot = gorący
165) warm = ciepły
166) cold = zimny
167) wet = mokry
168) smooth = gładki, wyrównany
169) sharp = ostry
170) dull (not sharp) = tępy
171) dirty = brudny
172) short = krótki, niski
173) round = okrągły

Other:
174) it/he/him/she/her/they/them/the = on/ona/ono, oni/one, ten/ta/to/ci/te
175) itself/oneself/himself/herself/-self = się/siebie, sam/sama/samo
176) that/those = tamten/tamta/tamto/tamci/tamte
177) other/another/others = inny/inna/inne, inni
178) no/none/no-one = nie, żaden/żadna/żadne/żadni, nic, nikt
179) and = i, a
180) or = lub, albo
181) but/yet/except = ale, oprócz
182) at/in/on = na, do, w
183) to/toward = do
184) of/from/'s (possessive) = od, z, (genitive case)
185) by/through/per/for/because = przez, dla, bo
186) with = z
187) over/above/on = nad, ponad, na
188) for/in-order-to = dla, by
189) so/then (effect) = więc, zatem
190) then/right-away (sequence) = następnie, potem, wówczas, natychmiast
191) now/still/doing (ongoing) = teraz, wciąż, jeszcze
192) did/done (past) = -em (past tense)
193) will/be-going-to (future) = -ę (future tense)
194) much/many = wiele, dużo
195) very/really = bardzo, naprawdę
196) where = gdzie
197) when = kiedy
198) how/like/as = jak
199) if/whether = czy, jeśli, jeżeli
200) yesterday = wczoraj

Please let me know if you spot any mistakes here. And if you take this list and translate it into another language, that would be awesome! I'd be sure to give you some lingots! More versions can be found here. (Be sure to check what's been translated already before posting your own.) And if you like this kind of thing, check out my website for more!

December 16, 2015

10 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/bufferz91

This is great will this be incorporated into the course? :)

December 16, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CliffJonesJr

I doubt it. Some languages have a "Words" option at the top, but I think that feature has been discontinued for new courses. It would be cool to have tiers of basic vocabulary items for review and self-evaluation, but Duolingo seems to be really focused on sentence translation at present.

By the way, this isn't a great list to study all by itself. It's more of a snapshot of some core vocabulary, which you can then compare to other languages.

December 16, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/bufferz91

Hmmm i am pleased with all the new language available as i have waited for polish for some time, however they should concentrate more on continuously building the content on each finished course i think. I also use memrise and hello talk :)

December 16, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AspiroFremor

I haven't read your whole list, but one of the first "97) shade/shadow = cień (m), odcień (m)" can be misleading. "shade of blue" would be "odcień" but never "cień". And "I cool down in the shade" would be "ochładzam się w cieniu", not "odcieniu". "Shadow" afaik is "cień" only ;). Anyway, great job :).

December 17, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CliffJonesJr

Thanks! Good catch!

December 17, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Stathis94

:)

December 17, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/tadjanow

102) heart/core = serce (n), jądro (n)

'Kocham Cię całym jądrem.' :D

December 19, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CliffJonesJr

Eh? Thanks! ;^)

December 19, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/tadjanow

Just to be sure we're on the same page, the above sentence translates to 'I love you with my entire testicle.'

It would probably be safer to split this concept into 2:

heart - serce

core, nucleus - jądro

December 19, 2015

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CliffJonesJr

Haha, gotcha. No, I think "jądro" is right for item 102. Google lists it as "kernel, nucleus, core, heart, testicle, meat". So it's a word whose meaning covers both "core" and "heart". The fact that it covers "testicle" also is just a funny extra detail.

This list is not meant to be studied like flashcards. It's more for comparison to other languages. Thanks for the tip, though. Have a lingot!

December 19, 2015
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