"I have milk and bread."
Translation:Mam mleko i chleb.
Do you mean „mają”?
Mają means ‘they have’. ie. third person plural of ‘have’. Koty mają (Cats have), (Oni) mają (They have), Mężczyźni mają (Men have)…
Mam means ‘I have’, ie. first person singular of ‘have’. Mam kota (I have a cat).
There are different forms for other grammatical persons: Mam (I have), Masz (Thou hast), Ma (He/she/it has), Mamy (We have), Macie (Y’all have), Mają (They have).
The same goes for all verbs in Polish.
Verb : MIEĆ - to have (aspect: durative, conjugation model I) in present tense, indicative mood
In Polish the verb "mieć" has many meanings, the most important are "to own", "to hold". None of them means eating. See mieć:
- to own
- to consist of, to include
- to be equipped with
- to experience some sensation
- to have a feature, opinion
- to be in relation with sb/sth
- to be in specified situation
- to take part in some experience
- to have some level of education
- (colloquial) to be in some spatial relation to something or to be in specified place or time
- to have some sort of obligations or plans
- used in expressions meaning future with verb in infinitive
- used in expressions meaning past with verb in participle
- used in expressions meaning negation with verb in subjunctive
- used in expressions meaning doubt with verb in past tense
- to be in certain condition (in a given moment)
|person||male, female & neutre|
|ty (you singular)||masz|
|wy (you plural)||macie|
Derived frequentive verb:
- miewać : to have (something) sometimes (e.g. "headaches").
- miewać się : to feel (good or bad); to be in certain condition, over longer period of time.
I appreciate the explanation that "Ja mam" and "Mam" mean the same. I never know whether I'm expected to type in the subject pronoun or not. If I don't, it suggests that I could. If I do, it suggests that I don't. I guess I shouldn't worry about it. In real conversation, I'll pick up whether the pronoun is commonly used or not.
The suggestion is based on what was given as the 'original sentence' (the one that was typed to create the exercise), but this is the beginning of the course, so the subject pronoun is used more often than in real life. Frankly, unless it's something from Alik's link, you can probably omit it everywhere else.