"Your son believes this farmer."
Translation:Wasz syn wierzy temu rolnikowi.
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If a masculine noun ends in a consonant, then its dative ending will be -owi. The only exceptions are:
bóg, brat, chłopiec, chłop, czart, czort, diabeł, kat, ksiądz, ojciec, pan, pop, kot, lew, pies, orzeł, osioł, łeb, świat.
Those in cursive can also get an -owi ending in some contexts.
It's probably unrelated to the abstractness, since there are other verbs like "to give" that don't fit this category, but still require the dative.
If you believe a person, that person is not affected directly by this action, they are just a passive receiver of your belief, so to speak. In English there's the term "to give credence to" which should help you remember that it's dative.
Btw, in German it's also dative for this verb and therefore (I didn't check, but I'm pretty sure) in Old English as well.