sometimes the article "the" seems to be required ( ie he left "the" food) and sometimes it doesn't ( ie "he left food...") - is there a rule when using articles like "el", 'la", etc that "the" is used?
I don't completely know the answer to this, but at least when Duolingo uses "the" in the sentence, they expect the article. There are also special cases, like the days off the week, that always require them. Not sure if there's a rule to help besides memorizing these.
Thanks. I think I have seen DL use things like "La Primavera esta aqui..." and just translate it as "Spring is here..." but maybe not.....
This is true. I saw this too. Duo sometimes (but alas, not always) recognizes when English does not use a "the", which is the case in your example "Spring is here". We would not usually say, "The spring is here". However, when it's more of a choice, and it would sound good with or without the article, I've found that it's safest to inclde the article to match Duo's translations.
Yes, I have noticed that when the noun is at the beginning of the sentence (or subject?) that the article is used in spanish ( LA Primavera) but not necessarily used in english ( ie Spring) but when it is not at the beginning ( or the object?) it is not used ( as much anyways) and if it IS it has to be used in the english translation ( ie THE food as opposed to just "food")...maybe this is just something I am imagining but...
jjcthorpe- If you say, he left food at my house, it could be any food. I asked you to by food for a party, I say to my friend he left the food at my house, don't worry.
I was going to pont that out, myself. In this case, it is the same as in English. And as I was going to say, when you are talking about food in general an article is not used. But when you are talking about a certain or specific food an article is needed.
That's true in English, but articles are sometimes used for general statements in Spanish.
La comida can also mean "the meal."
I didn't even know this verb in the present tense... either I did not pay attention, or they gave one more new word in the past tense sector.
Yeah, that's what I was thinking. And did you notice that in this section they keep having sentences about food?
Dejar has not been introduced either in the present or past tense yet so how are users supposed to recognise this spoken word?!
that's what I was thinking! I didn't even know what verb was being conjugated, how can you remember an irregular verb conjugation if you don't even know what the verb is?
This is the verb "dejar." Have they used it before? AND it's irregular. Do most people use supplemental material when they get to this point on Duolingo? Deje, dejaste, dejo, dejamos, dejaron ((Preterit tense of Dejar without accents)
I have not used supplemental material to this point, but feel I may need to start.
General past tense question: I have heard the term, "preterit" a lot on the forums. What is the difference between "preterit" and past tense? (Is there a difference?) Also, is the corre t spelling "preterit" or "preterite"? I've seen both.
Helen, For me, past tense is a general term for any past tense, whereas preterite / pretérito is the simple past. Simple means only one word involved, not two as in compound tenses. The preterite tense is not easy, and all the most used ones are irregular and just have to be memorized.
Same here... So many new words and most verbs are irregular... These lections are killing me...
Can dejó mean 'He LEFT a while a go' and 'He LEFT the food' ? are they the same thing?
I put "he let food in my house." It was marked wrong. But my son lets his friends bring food into my house, even though it's against the rules. But how would you say that in Spanish?
I thought so too. That is why I'm here to see if someone else thought that too.
You are thinking of decir, I'm sure. It is irregular as heck in the preterit and does not carry a written accent. the él form would be dijo.
Why can it not be ..."He left the food in my house" en = in , what changes it to at in this sentence ?
I went with "He left her food at my house" as i thought 'la' was feminine. Can anyone advise on that and what difference would there be if i used lo or le instead of la
Thanks for the reply. I guess the easy way for me to remember is that 'lo', 'le' & 'la' when coming after a pronoun will become other meanings but for objects it's standard meaning of 'the'.
it's better to add more explanation such as grammar notes reminding what is this verb at present state and so on.
Just like left can either be the dirrection (west) or can mean leaving something behind. "Dejar"can either mean letting something happen (not the person's fault) or can mean to leave something somewhere.
If they don't include sentences like this that have more than one valid translation, then we would never learn that "la comida" can mean both food in general and some specific food. Even if we have to learn about that in the comments; the comments for each sentence are a vital part of Duolingo.
The accent mark is so important now that we're forming the past tenses. Some people seem to know how to type the vowels with accents. Can I do this too, with an ordinary keyboard?
yes, the accents can be made on a regular keyboard, but I only know how to do it in microsoft word, not sure about online like here. for example in microsoft word, for the accented o, you would press the ctrl key and the apostrophe key at the same time, then release and press the o. Here is what i get in word ò but I had to copy and paste it to get it here. Ahh, wait, my son just showed me with the numeric keypad codes you can get them-such as alt 0225 gives you the accented a á. cool huh? hope this helps, just google for the codes.
Thanks Karen. That's what I wanted. It can be confusing if not used. I don't want to pronounce and use the verbs wrong. Major confusion later.
If you're using windows, you can set it up to use the International Keyboard. When you have that setting, then for example, to type á, you first hit the quote key and then the a key. For ñ, hit ALT and n at the same time. For ¡ and ¿, hit ALT and ! or ? at the same time. Etc. (To type a quote, you have to hit the quote key twice if the next letter is one of the letters that is special, like á, é, í, ó, ú, ý.)
Here's one page that describes how to set up the International Keyboard. http://sites.psu.edu/symbolcodes/windows/codeint/ and it also tells how to type each character.
why isn't ''he left food at the house'' accepted??? it just told me i needed the article 'the'.
I hope he left pizza! And also Cheese Fondue! I love Cheese Fondue! Maybe some sushi too! Man, I am going to have a blast!
18rgator- 2 different meanings, allowed goes with a permission, or authorisation
He ran cuz the owner of the house was loco and was holding a knife and threw it at him