Is there any easy way to distinguish for (too) and for (for), aside from just figuring it out from context?
Or is it just one of those words that has two completely different meanings -- deal with it?
Context is king. When "for" is before an adjective by itself, it means "too." When it's in front of a noun, it means "for."
You forgot about 'for'(past tense of 'å fare'(=to rush)) and 'fôr'(fodder) :)
^Both these have a long 'o' sound.
One often writes fór like this though.
That's only in Nynorsk actually, where it's used to distinguish from 'fòr'. Although I agree that many do this, even though it's not correct in Bokmål.
:me shoots myself: :P
And aren't there instances when "for" means "because"?
Indeed, however, it's an coordinative conjunction, not a subordinate conjunction, so it's just like the English 'for'.