i agree, the last couple of lessons i feel a little overwhelmed with new verbs.
So these women must be sisters, right? In French, you would use the singular "mère" even if each woman was remembering a different mother (i.e. one each), whereas in English you use the singular "mother" only if there is only one.
No, they are not sisters. If they were sisters, it would be: "Te kobiety pamiętają swoją matkę".
But in the English translation, they have to be sisters. Otherwise it would be "These women remember their mothers."
No, they don't have to be sisters. It can mean "These women remember their (some other people's) mother."
Let's imagine those two women Anna and Julia who meet those two orphaned siblings Martin and Kasia. Martin and Kasia went to Anna and Julia to talk with them about their Mom.
Anna and Julia remember Martin's and Kasia's mother. These women remember their mother.
How else would you translate this sentence ?
In Polish if Anna and Julia remembered their own mother we would say "Te kobiety pamiętają swoją matkę"
no. In this sentence it is clear that it is plural
"te kobiety pamiętają"
te is (nominative = accusative plural form of "this", here in nominative, because it's the subject) ,
pamiętają is plural form of verb ( verb has to agree with a subject)
kobiety can be singular genitive or plural nominative or plural accusative. In this sentence it's the subject so it's plural nominative
my comment did not mention sisters. I was concerned because within this lesson kobiety was presented as 'woman' (singular) then also as 'women' (plural). How can it be both ?
sorry Immery I was reading others comments but I find it hard ti understand how kobiety changes form.
You can see a chart here https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/kobieta.
Polish nouns technically have 14 forms, but in reality some forms are the same for different cases.
It is often that feminine nouns have singular genitive=plural nominative.
Also all not masculine personal nouns have plural accusative=plural nominative=plural vocative)
You can tell form the form of adjectives and pronouns (plural te kobiety; singular genitive tej kobiety, and from function in the sentence, here it's subject it has to be nominative, if it's direct object you sometimes can tell knowing which case the verb requires.
There are some specific situations when it's ambiguous but it's rare. (and usually adding pronoun or adjective clarifies it)