"A boy has an apple."
Translation:Chłopiec ma jabłko.
The difference is in the declension. 'Chłopiec' is nominative and 'chłopcem' is instrumental.
Does anyone know the difference between Chłopiec and Chłopak? Duolingo says both are correct translations of boy in the nominative declension.
Generally there is no difference between chłopiec and chłopak. Chłopiec is maybe more formal. And chłopak has also second meaning. It means boy but it also may mean boyfriend.
How to I tell the difference between an instrumental case and nominative case?Such as in the case of chlopiec an chlopcem?
(ja) mam = I have
(ty) masz = you (sg.) have
(on/ona/ono) ma = he/she/it has
(my) mamy = we have
(wy) macie = you (pl.) have
(oni/one) mają = they have
If you are familiar with Spanish, oni/one are like ellos/ellas.
So if you are talking about a group of boys, girls, ducks etc. (sorry no Polish keyboard) then "they have" applies "Katczki mają? If you are saying a persons name "Raina has" is it "Raina ma". If it is "Mum and Dad have" "Mama I Tata macie"?
"mają" is the 3rd person plural form, so yes, "kaczki mają" (no 't' here).
"ma" is the 3rd person singular form, so yes, "Raina ma".
No, the third one is wrong, because "mum and dad" are also 3rd person plural, so it's also "Mama i tata mają".
Can i ask please. When is the 'ma' necesary? Anyone got a useful link? Im assuming its something to do with i have/ had he/she has/had. Thanks