Genders of Numbers
I've been looking for a good explanation for the "numbers" if they have genders and plural forms like most of the adjectives.
What I've learnt through my little search is numbers have genders, but not all. But this information made me confused. Not even sure if it is correct.
So, my question is, when I want to say: "There are five women.", which one is the correct translation? - Hay cuatro mujeres. - Hay cuatros mujeres. - Hay cuatra mujeres. - Hay cuatras mujeres.
The other question is, does that (the answer I will get for my first question) depend upon different numbers? Or will I be using the same rule for all of the numbers in Spanish?
Numbers DO have gender, ORDINAL NUMBERS, Cardinal numbers don't have gender (except 1, 21, 31 and so on since you can say la una, la veintinuna, la cuarenta y una..., there's no cuatra, dosa, nor ocha). Ordinal numbers are taken as adjectives, so they must agree with the gender and number:
Primero(s) (primer if it goes before a masculine singular noun) y primera(s)
Tercero (Tercer) - Tercera)
Cuarto - Cuarta (...)
When it comes to say the time, read PorquePuedo (quiero y no me da miedo)'s comment along with n.gratton about the gender of the article.
Learning more and something new about it from each new comment. This is very helpful. Thank you.
My take on this:
"Cuál es mi habitación?" - "Es la 23" - because it is "la habitación 23", and we are just missing out the word habitación.
"Cuál es tu número favorito?" - "Es el 7" - because it is "el número 7", and we are just missing out the word número.
I hope that's some help?
EDIT: To help your original question: "Hay cuatro mujeres" is correct; the numbers never change to agree except for "un" / "una".
This is an helpful piece of information; but I guess not exactly about the answer I've actually been looking for. Thanks for the information. ;)
Okay, well, numbers aren't really nouns. They don't really have genders, as such.
If you are using a sentence with time, you will always use las followed by the number, for example:
Saldré a las ocho I will go out at eight
Como mi desayuno a las once I eat my breakfast at eleven
But if you want to say a number of objects, you just use the number followed by the noun(s).
Hay cuatro mujeres There are four women
¡Mis dos amigos son asombrosos! My two friends are amazing!
I hope this helped. :)
I understand it all. But what is still confusing me is, here:
"Gender in Spanish numbers: Note that some Spanish numbers must follow the gender, when they qualify a noun. For example to say 21 tables, in Spanish you need to look at the gender of the noun table which is feminine, thus you would say 'veintiuna mesas'."
This is something I found on an explanation about Spanish numbers:
So, if this is true; why do not we say "cuatra mujeres"? Or is this explanation basically not true? Or "cuatro" is one of the exceptions?
Thanks for the help.
It's actually incorrect: you just say the number followed by the noun, like English. So it's veinte meses.
Only "uno" changes to according to the gender. "Tengo veintiún coches" "Tengo veintiuna mesas." The other numbers never change like that (no 'cuatra' or 'cinca').
Ah, so it's just because of twenty-one has a 'one'. I understand it now. Thanks so much ;)
not really, every number stays exactly the same except number 1 "ventiun mesas".
I just thought of another exception where they DO agree - the "hundreds" words DO change to agree in gender (but only if it's a whole number of hundreds, e.g. 300, 700 will change to agree, but 302, 704 will not).
Quinientos hombres y cuatrocientas mujeres.
Cuatrocientos dos chicos y cuatrocientos tres chicas.
So, I think I can (I hope) finally say that the ONLY numbers that agree in gender are
1, 21, 200, 300, 400, 500, 600, 700, 800, 900