"Mam jej psa."
Translation:I have her dog.
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Yes but a bit of advice...
The way you have phrased it is unnecessarily complicated (although factually correct!)
I don't think think you should remember it as (a) specific to the verb "have", neither (b) 'if not negated use it accusative"
Better to remember that a) ALL verbs which take accusative, b) will take take genitive IF the verb is negated.
That is a better way to phrase it I think.
Note: This ONLY applies when negating verbs which take accusative. Other cases stay the same when negated.
(Seperately, there is something somewhere about not changing cases when negating a preposition etc but I have ignored that for now as I think it is a skill for much much later)
I think part of the confusion here is that apparently the third person possessive pronouns are not declinable (https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/jej#Polish). In other words "jej" is already the genitive (possessive) form of ona and doesn't match the noun like an adjective would. Literally it's "dog of hers."
I would advice to call them possesive, and not genitive. nouns in genitive when they indicate possesion, are alvays after the noun they describe, while pronouns are before. Also jej and ich are one of two possible genitive forms, and jego is one of three possible genitive forms. But there is ony one version of respective possessive pronouns. ( dla niej , dla jej psa/ do niego, do jego domu, nie widzę go, nie widzę jego psa/ do nich, do ich domu)
jej pies/ pies Kasi
Well sort of, yes and no.
The noun 'pies' does become 'psa' when it's the object of 'Mam' (I have) and also does become 'psa" when the object of 'ona je' (she is eating)
So the declining of 'pies' to 'psa' would be correct for both those verbs.
What's wrong is that what you wrote with those two verbs translates to this....
Mam je psa "I have she is eating a dog"
That is ofcourse silly.
By the way, in terms of hearing/pronunciation.....
'Je' should be like the first part of the english word "yes"
'Jej' should be like the saying the english word 'yay!!!' in quite a happy/cheery sort of way.
(Ah, just like "way")
Are you referring to 'psa'? Or the 'jej'?
Anyway, I will try to answer both.
The rule (more like a general guide) which says that nouns ending with 'a' are feminine is true BUT it applies only to Singular nouns and only in the Nominative case.
'Psa' here is in accusative so the fact that it ends in 'a' is irrelevant. Its singular nominative is Pies and that is a masculine noun.
If your question is about the 'jej'.... Well 2 things.... Firstly 'jej' is not even a noun so the rules regarding noun endings won't matter. But secondly, and more relevantly, the possessive pronoun has to match the owner of the object, not the object itself.
We are talking here about "her" dog, not "his" dog, or "our" dog, or "their" dog.
It is the "her" which makes it 'jej'.
Regardless of whether it is her dog (masc. sing.), her duck (fem. sing), her child (neuter. sing), her boys (masc. plural) or her shirts (non masc plural). It is "her" object so it is "jej" object.
The verb 'mam' technically converts jej into accusative but it looks the same as nominative