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https://www.duolingo.com/CliffJonesJr

105 More Concepts in Esperanto

CliffJonesJr
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This is a follow-up to "95 Core Concepts in Esperanto". As promised, I've taken word frequency into account and brought the list to an even 200. To learn how exactly I settled on these particular concepts and see what other languages have been added so far, check out "105 More Concepts Across Languages".

Nouns:
96) time/instance/occurrence = tempo, horo, fojo
97) shade/shadow = ombro
98) house/home = domo, hejmo
99) head = kapo
100) belly/abdomen = ventro, abdomeno
101) navel/belly-button = umbiliko
102) heart/core = koro, kerno
103) back = dorso
104) thigh = femuro
105) wing = flugilo
106) nail/claw = ungo, ungego, krifo
107) animal/beast = besto, animalo
108) ant = formiko
109) cat = kato
110) pig = porko
111) snake = serpento
112) worm = vermo
113) parent/father/mother = patro, patrino
114) sibling/brother/sister = frato, fratino
115) spouse/husband/wife = edzo, edzino
116) day = tago
117) cloud = nubo
118) snow = neĝo
119) ice = glacio
120) river/stream = rivero, rivereto
121) sea/ocean = maro, oceano
122) seed = semo
123) grass/lawn = herbo, herbejo
124) flower/blossom = floro, floraĵo
125) bark/husk = ŝelo

Verbs:
126) do/make = fari
127) be = esti
128) become/get = iĝi, fariĝi
129) have = havi
130) want = voli
131) can/be-able-to = povi
132) think/consider = pensi
133) go = iri
134) walk/run = marŝi
135) take = preni
136) carry/wear = porti, surhavi
137) tie/bind = ligi, nodi
138) hide = kaŝi
139) fall = fali
140) cry/weep = krii, plori
141) blow = blovi
141) suck = suĉi
143) hit/beat = bati, trafi
144) crush/grind = pisti, frakasi, mueli
145) live = vivi
146) sleep = dormi
147) work = labori
148) play = ludi
149) swim = naĝi
150) hunt = ĉasi
151) dance = danci
152) sing = kanti
153) count = kalkuli
154) vomit = vomi

Adjectives:
155) right/correct/proper = ĝusta, prava
156) bad/wrong = malbona, malĝusta
157) far/distant = malproksima
158) hard (not soft) = malmola
159) thick = dika
160) thin = maldika
161) narrow = mallarĝa
162) sweet = dolĉa
163) bitter = maldolĉa
164) hot = varmega
165) warm = varma
166) cold = malvarma
167) wet = malseka
168) smooth = glata
169) sharp = akra
170) dull (not sharp) = malakra
171) dirty = malpura
172) short = mallonga
173) round = ronda

Other:
174) it/he/him/she/her/they/them/the = ĝi/ĝin, li/lin/ŝi/ŝin, ili/ilin, la
175) itself/oneself/himself/herself/-self = sin, mem
176) that/those = tio/tion, tiu/tiun/tiuj/tiujn
177) other/another/others = alia/aliaj
178) no/none/no-one = neniu
179) and = kaj
180) or = aŭ
181) but/yet/except = sed, tamen, krom
182) at/in/on = ĉe, en, sur
183) to/toward = al
184) of/from/'s (possessive) = de, el
185) by/through/per/for/because = per, tra, po, por, ĉar
186) with = kun
187) over/above/on = super, supre, sur
188) for/in-order-to = por
189) so/then (effect) = do, tiam
190) then/right-away (sequence) = poste, tuj
191) now/still/doing (ongoing) = nun, ankoraŭ
192) did/done (past) = -is
193) will/be-going-to (future) = -os
194) much/many = multa/multaj
195) very/really = tre, vere
196) where = kie
197) when = kiam
198) how/like/as = kiel
199) if/whether = se, ĉu
200) yesterday = hieraŭ

Please let me know if you spot any mistakes here. And if you take this list and translate it into another language, that would be awesome! I'd be sure to give you some lingots! More versions can be found here. (Be sure to check what's been translated already before posting your own.) And if you like this kind of thing, check out my website for more!

2 years ago

9 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/RudolfFischer

113-115 "gepatro", "gefrato", "geedzo" are unofficial reduction forms of "gepatroj", "gefratoj", "geedzoj", thus misformed, violating the derivation rules of Esperanto. "ge-" cannot neutralize the indication of sex, because it means "group of male(s) and female(s)".

Use "patr(in)o" (written) or "patro aŭ patrino" (spoken) a.s.o.

136 wear = surhavi

176 already mentioned: there is no plural of the o-correlatives,

tioj, tiojn, ... do not exist

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/CliffJonesJr
CliffJonesJr
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I've heard that about the "ge-_-o" forms, but I've also heard that they're perfectly fine gender-neutral forms. The alternative seems to be that there is no good gender-neutral singular form. Oh well, you're the Esperanto teacher; I'll trust you on it. :^) Thanks for the corrections!

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Johan_Fayez
Johan_Fayez
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Thanks so much for these websites and those vocabulary :P

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/CliffJonesJr
CliffJonesJr
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My pleasure! This is an ongoing project for me. I'm collecting parallel lists of basic vocabulary to aid me in language construction for my novels. (Or maybe the novels are to show off my language construction?)

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Johan_Fayez
Johan_Fayez
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Can you give me some Esperanto novels, please?

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/CliffJonesJr
CliffJonesJr
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I haven't read any myself. Here's where I'd look: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Esperanto_literature

Or if you're adventurous, I'm working on translating my own Adaleide in Ozghard into Esperanto. It's just the first chapter so far, and it probably needs some editing, but check it out!

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/CliffJonesJr
CliffJonesJr
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Oh yeah, then there's Project Gutenberg! Here's Alico en Mirlando, for a start.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/jkirby101
jkirby101
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Google: Harry Potter Esperanto pdf and you can get the first book in pdf format free, also the hobbit and alice in wonderland are available on amazon in Esperanto

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/salivanto
salivanto
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"Beast" is a good mnemonic for "besto", but see my longer comment in this thread for more info on the difference between "beast" and besto.

8 months ago