"Nie znamy tamtej dziewczynki."
Translation:We do not know that girl.
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In this sentence it's genitive singular.
Is there an explanation on when is genetive used ? There doesn't seem to be any notes available on this skill.
It doesn't fit the sentence grammatically.
"ta" is Nominative (for the subject of the sentence), then you have "tę" in Accusative (the direct object object of most transitive verbs) and "tej" in Genitive (among other usages, it's for 'negated Accusative', so exactly what we have here). The options here are: "[My/] nie znamy [tamtej/tej] [dziewczynki/dziewczyny]".
I think this will be most useful: https://www.clozemaster.com/blog/polish-demonstrative-pronouns/
In this sentence, which takes the Genitive case, tej/tamtej are feminine forms and tego/tamtego are either masculine or neuter.
There are two common translations of "girl". "dziewczynka" is a young girl, and "dziewczyna" is an older one, up to a young adult. The age border is subjective, I'd personally place it somewhere between 8 and 13.
Their Genitive forms are "dziewczynki" and "dziewczyny" respectively. Both are correct here and accepted.