"I have time tomorrow morning."

Translation:Mam czas jutro rano.

December 24, 2015

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'Jutro' means 'morning', and 'rano' means 'early' in Croatian...so confusing


"Утро" in Russian is also "morning".


In spanish both of them translate as "mañana", a lot of polish makes sense in spanish


Good to know. I am learning both Spanish and Polish at the same time. Once i understood feminine and masuline nouns, and verb endings for the subjects; German, Polish, Spanish, and even Latin becomes a matter of vocabulary and syntax.


There's some Polish church event names that still use jutro to mean morning. But this meaning died out in the language around the times of Middle Polish.


Same in German. 'Morgen' = tommorow. "Morgen früh" = tommorow morning, which literally translates to 'tommorow early'.


Yutro means tomorrow, and rano means morning


Russian false friend:

Imieju czas rano utrom--

I have an hour early in the morning.


Why is it "mam czas jutro rano" but "mam dzis czas"? Are both word orders always correct or is there some kind of rule?


It's not a general rule, and most of the time it's interchangable, but it's about the emphasis - whether you want to focus that you have time, or that you want to focus on that the only moment you have time is today. Usually, the thing you want to emphasize goes first in the polish sentence. But it's far more important how you say it (what word you put accent on) rather then writing it.

Dzisiaj mam czas tylko dla ciebie = Today I have time only for you.

Czas dla ciebie mam tylko dzisiaj = Time for you, I have only today.

Dla ciebie mam czas tylko dzisiaj = For you, I have time only today.


That's the opposite what we have been learning from the Polish moderators of this course. In written Polish, we have been taught that the last word in the sentence is the "news," which takes the emphasis. So

Dzisiaj mam czas tylko dla ciebie = Today I have time only for you.

Czas dla ciebie mam tylko dzisiaj = I have time for you only today.

Dla ciebie mam czas tylko dzisiaj = For you I have time only today.


I thought this too.

Hopefully Jellei can confirm and/or clarify

  • 2468

Usually the last word in the sentence is the most important, and the first word in the sentence is second most important.

But one can make the first word the most important e.g. by playing with the intonation, adding an extra context or by using the subject pronoun where it is normally not used (the last works especially in short sentences).

  • Odpowiedziałem poprawnie = I answered correctly.
  • Ja! Ja odpowiedziałem poprawnie. = I! I answered correctly.

See also:

(You may use https://www.deepl.com/translator to help you understand these web pages - it does not work perfectly, but in many cases it works better than google translate)


What's with the word order here? Doesn't jutro modify rano and not the other way around?


"Jutro rano" is a fixed expression and means 'tomorrow morning', as "jutro" could be defined as the day after today, and mornig could be rouglhy defined "between 4:00 and 10:00 am".


why is it sometimes jutro and sometimes jutra? it adapts to the word thats it with?


Those are different cases of the word. See this link below.



Elsewhere in the Polish course, I think there is the Polish sentence "Jutro po południu kupujemy nowe ubrania", which I thought was translated as "Tomorrow afternoon we are buying new clothes", but here "Jutro po ranie mam czas" doesn't work (and I assume it's supposed to be Locative after "po" here). Is "po południu" a specific turn of phrase that is not used with other times of day (morning, evening, night)?


"południe" means "noon". Therefore, "po" (after) + południu makes "afternoon".

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