"One kochają tego mężczyznę."

Translation:They love this man.

December 27, 2015

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Sounds like a movie plot.


I continue to take a bit of umbrage with the continued translation of ta/tam/tego as 'this' and not 'that'. When using the word 'this' in English the context must be entirely clear. Like, you have the thing in your hand.

Imagine 2 cups of coffee on a table and I say "this coffee is hot" and give no indication as to which I am referring. So, which cup is "this"?

November image the same question, but I am holding a cup in my hand. Now which one is "this"? Unquestionably the one in your hand.


And it's the same with "that" - "that man" must already have been mentioned, or standing "over there". For me the easiest thing, especially at this early stage, is just to go with the flow - "ten" approximates to "this", and "tamten" to "that", although of course, these "equivalents" are used differently in every language. But mastering that is probably outwith the scope of this course (and yes, "outwith" is a word).


I'd never heard of "outwith". It seems to be an archaic replacement for "beyond" with the added bonus of making the speaker seem grandiloquent. Fun!

Good comment tho


Hi, I put it in just for the fun of it. It's no doubt old but certainly not archaic where I come from. Nor with us is it grandiloquent, being a fairly everyday word, although it does tend to be used more in educated language: in newspapers, by the professions etc. But it is admittedly regional, or should I say national, not being heard much outwith the confines of Scotland. And as you suggest, it means beyond, not part of, outside (as preposition only).


  • 2400

Thanks for offering your origin so I don't feel unenlightened for not using this word outwith Scotland (like in US).


that's a wee bit archaic for the rest of us.


But you can refer to this man without holding him in your hand.


Outwith is actually a colloquial word used in Scotland


Duolingo knows about the Bachelor?


Please can you explain why mężczyzna is spelt with an ę? Thanks


"Mężczyznę" is the Accusative (Direct Object) form of "mężczyzna". For the full declension of this noun, have a look at https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/m%C4%99%C5%BCczyzna and 'show' the Declension tab.

This is a general rule for nouns which end in "-a".


What's the difference between tego and the demonstratives we covered earlier (e.g., ten and tamten)? Thanks!


case. tego is ten in accusative case. "ten" needs the same case as "mężczyzna" wiktionary- declension of "ten" in polish


Tego is accusative, living, masculine, which is also the same form as genitive. Accusative takes special form with living things


I translated 'tego' as 'that' and was marked correct. But looking back, doesn't 'tego' just mean 'this' in the accusative, whereas for 'that' I would need 'tamtego'?

Is this a mistake? Or can 'tego' also mean 'that' in the accusative?


You are generally correct, but what you're talking about are the direct translations.

In fact, Polish and English think about determiners differently. So [tego/tego/tamtego] (and other forms) translate to [this/that/that]. The middle parts overlap. That's why 'that' should always be an acceptable interpretation.


Not exactly. Both mean "they", but "Oni" is almost exclusively used for "groups of people including at least one man", and "one" for anything else - mostly groups of women-only, but technically that could refer also to dogs, or boxes.


I think I remember hearing/reading at one point that the masculine personal plural could also be used for groups with at least one (not necessarily male) person and one (not necessarily personal) masculine noun. In other words, a group consisting of Weronika (personal but not masculine) and some unnamed cats (masculine but not personal) would also be "oni". Is that true?


yes. that is true.


Thank you! I know this information probably has limited utility, but I study linguistics so I really enjoy learning this kind of stuff when studying a language. :)


oni can be (and masculine personal plural verb forms are used)

  • groups of people that include at least one man

  • groups of people of unknown gender, described with masculine personal noun

  • group of people that we know include only women, but are described by masculine noun- for verbs,

  • a man and an animal

  • a woman and animal that is described by masculine noun when the animal is referred to by that noun ( I think neuter noun too, but I am not sure and can't find the rule)

  • two male animals that are referred to by it's names


masculine is certainly dominant in this language


I thought "on" was he, and "ona" she...which makes you think "one" would be one. Or am I mixing things up with Russian?


I do not think that they would say one love this man.


. Duolingo tells me the above sentence is correct. I do not understand why. Am I right in thinking the case is an accusative masculine noun? I can't see that it's nominative or instrumental one and all grammar sources say masculine personal nouns should have an a , not an e ending in the accusative. So I put down mezczyznA in the answer . In response the duolingo message is it should end in an e. Why?


As below.... (on my screen; your screen layout may differ :-) )


"Masculine animate nouns in the accusative add the ending -a, and their corresponding adjectives add the ending -ego."

The source for the above is Polish dictionary.com yet a JerryMccarthy99 has got a post below saying the noun ends in E. not an A, because it's the accusative case.


It ends in an "ę" because, although it is technically a masculine animate noun, it behaves like a feminine noun; "ę" is the accusative form here, just as in, for example "kobietę".


I got this write but I don't understand the difference with the endings e and a (with the line on the bottom)


There's no much point in comparing the endings of the verb "kochają" and the noun "mężczyznę".

However, I can tell you that -ą is an ending that is used (among others) for 3rd person plural forms of verbs, like "kochają".

-ę is usually an ending for feminine nouns in the Accusative case (the one used for the direct object of the sentence). "mężczyzna" isn't actually a feminine noun (as it means exactly "a man"), but it looks like one and its declension looks as if it was feminine.


I have been advised Meczyczna is masculine gender but takes feminine endings because it ends in an a. The sentence exercise is in the accusative case and all nouns ending in an a when in the accusative case change the a vowel ending to an e vowel ending. I hope this is of help.


Why not : tego mężczyzny." masculine pers. animated acc = gen ?


As Jellei writes above:

-ę is usually an ending for feminine nouns in the Accusative case (the one used for the direct object of the sentence). "mężczyzna" isn't actually a feminine noun (as it means exactly "a man"), but it looks like one and its declension looks as if it was feminine.

Associated adjectives, however, behave as though the noun is actually Masc. Anim, hence "tego".

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