"The new boys have old dogs."
Translation:Nowi chłopcy mają stare psy.
Yes, that is why I marked BOTH "nowi chłopcy" and "ci nowi chłopcy" as possible translations for "the new boys". Those "mark ALL the correct translation" exercises don't want just the most common translation, but any translation that could ever be correct. But perhaps "ci" is NEVER used to distinguish these specific new boys, as opposed to new boys in general?
In general, ci is a literal translation of these in English. I guess ci can be sometimes translated into the, depending on the context, but in this case, you don't know it (it's a general translation), so you should omit the article. However, I don't understand what you meant by the last sentence. Ci is always used to distinguish some specific group, just like these in English.
Przeprazam, but I'm so confused. As I mentioned elsewhere, I usually use the Duolingo app and there are not 'tips' in the Polish course on the app. Therefore, the issue (generally) that I'm going to address almost certainly has been explained in detail elsewhere. However, as far as I can tell, it hasn't been mentioned in this discussion so far, and the tips for this lesson haven't clarified the matter for me. Why aren't 'old dogs' ('stare psy') in the masculine animate accusative plural? It shouldn't be an animate vs inanimate situation because dogs are obviously animate....right? (Also, is the nominative plural of 'old dogs' 'starzy psy'? It so, wouldn't the accusative [&genitive?] plural be 'starzych psów'?) Dziękuję, pańowie.
Unlike Russian, Polish plurals don't distinguish between animate and inanimate, but between virile and nonvirile.
Virile is also called 'masculine personal' and refers to groups of people which include at least one male man or nouns that are virile by definition, like (ludzie, lekarze, kibice, dziennikarze, moderatorzy...). And nonvirile is virtually everything else.
So since psy are nonvirile, the accusative plural is the same as the nominative plural.
Here's a link to the Polish Tips&Notes, which you can access from any device: