"These are not his cookies!"

Translation:To nie są jego ciasteczka!

December 28, 2015

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"To jest/są X" and it's negative "To nie jest/są X" are constructions that take the Nominative for X.

Here we just have the nominative plural for cookies = ciasteczka

the jego bit is easy, jego doesn't have to match gender case or number when it means "his" (it has other meanings too, but here it means just "his").


Everything you say is right but you meant "jego",

"tego" means this/the and unfortunately has to match case gender and number.


thanks, will edit... typo / brainfart.... too late in the evening lol


Why nominative and not instrumental?


Why is it "to" and not "te"?


Here, "these" is not a determiner, but a dummy pronoun, serving as the subject of the sentence. In Polish it will always be "To", used for "This/That/It is" and "These/Those are".

"te" would work in "These cookies are tasty" = "Te ciasteczka są smaczne", where "these" is a determiner.


How else can this be said. Any other formats?


We accept "To nie [są/] jego [ciastka/ciasteczka]!" here.


Why can't I use "go" in this case?


'him' can be translated, depending on the place in the sentence, either as 'go' or 'jego'.

'his' can be only translated as 'jego'. I guess it's better to treat it as two separate words that are just accidentally identical.


cool, I'll pay attention on this, thx for your answer


is a cookie Neuter? so "to" would be "these" for a Neuter Plural?


CI mężczyźni - for masculine human (i don't remember the exact name) plurals

te kobiety, ciasteczka - everything else plural.

In this context 'to' means 'something' and you don't worry about gender and singular/plural. 'to nie jest jego brat/siostra/dziecko. To nie są jego bracia/siostry/dzieci. BUT:

Te ciasteczka nie są jego. Ci mężczyźni nie są jego braćmi.


STOP, criminal! You've violated the law!


Is this an exception to when the genitive is required? I would say this is the negative version of 'They are his cookies' so would have thought genitive would be the correct case to use.


Genitive is required for negation, only when the positive sentence had Accusative. Accusative is probably the most widely used case, so learners just get used to 'every negation = Genitive', but that is not true. The other cases do not change when negated. Negated Instrumental is still Instrumental, negated Genitive is... well, Genitive, etc.

The sentence here is basically just a simple "This is X" (or rather "These are X") sentence, so it uses Nominative and stays in Nominative when negated.


Fantastic answer, thank you very much


I will take time to understand this. Bear with me, please.


Can you not have " To są nie jego ciasteczka?


In a way you can, but it's different and a lot less likely. The difference isn't easy to show in English though. Let's see...

"To nie są jego ciasteczka" is a basic way of saying "These aren't his cookies". Note that I emphasized "aren't" and used the contraction on purpose.

"To są nie jego ciasteczka" is like "These are not his cookies". You couldn't use the contraction when translating this sentence, because the negation is exactly on 'his', not on 'his cookies'. It's more like saying "These are someone else's cookies".

In fact, with "To nie są jego ciasteczka" there is some (small, but still) chance that "These aren't his cookies, actually, these aren't cookies at all!". Your variant which emphasizes 'not being his' at least should guarantee that what we're talking about are cookies.


When do i use "jego" and when "go" for personal acc pronoun?


Well, let's start with the fact that this is not the Accusative pronoun. This is simply the possessive "his" and it is always "jego", in every case (yay, something doesn't change in Polish! also "jej" = "her" and "ich" = "their" don't change).

But answering the question anyway, "go" is the basic, neutral form, while "jego" is emphatic. So for example "Lubię go" = "I like him", but "Lubię jego, a nie ciebie!" = "I like him, not you!".


I still don't quite get it. You say that "his" is always "jego," but "go" is the genitive form of "on." So, because of the "są," the object is in the nominative case. Should its possessive pronoun be in the genitive, as I thought? Genitive is used to show possession, right? Is the need for stress (emphasis) the only reason "jego" is correct? Or is "jego" the only possibility in a sentence like "Jego pies pije wodę?" Not "go pies?"


"ciastka" is a correct answer, I'd say a better one. "ciasteczka" is a diminutive form.


Is "To ciasteczka nie sa jego" incorrect, or merely an unusual word order? The impression I get would be this means more "they're HIS cookies" rather than "they his COOKIES", but is still more or less correct. Am I way off base?


You're quite close.

If your sentence was "Te ciasteczka nie są jego", then it would mean "These cookies are not his".

Your answer also makes some sense, but it's rather unlikely: "It's the cookies that are not his/that do not belong to him" (You claimed that the thing that doesn't belong to him was the rubber duck, but actually the thing that doesn't belong to him are the cookies). This meaning, which I can only explain by giving such examples, is one of the many meanings of "to".


Is 'to' really required here?


Without it, you don't have a subject, "Nie są jego ciasteczka" is like "Are not his cookies".


You don't bother with question marks so why get fussy about exclamation marks!!


The algorithm doesn't care about the punctuation at all, so you must have had some other mistake if your answer was rejected.


Такой порядок слов недопустим? Is it possible to do this words order? To ciasteczko nie jest jego To są nie jego ciasteczka


"To ciasteczko nie jest jego" - that's a correct sentence meaning "This cookie is not his".

"To są nie jego ciasteczka" - I have doubts about it. In a way it works, it's just more like "not his + cookies" instead of "not + his cookies". But is it a likely thing to say? I'm not sure.


i can't finish this level because of these pronouns... They r too hard

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