Hey can someone tell me how to distinguish between masculine and feminine in FRUITS and other stuff
You generally just have to learn the grammatical gender that goes with each word. There are some patterns, but almost no strict rules.
That depends on the grammatical case:
Nominativ: "ein Apfel" (Ein Apfel liegt auf dem Tisch.)
Genetiv: "eines Apfels" (Die Farbe eines Apfels ...)
Dativ: "einem Apfel" (In einem Apfel war ein Wurm.)
Akkusativ: "einen Apfel" (Ich gebe dir einen Apfel.)
In the exercise nominative case is used.
But should'nt it be "Einen Apfel". I'm not sure I understood the accusative case
I'm not sure I understood the accusative case
The main uses of the accusative case are:
- for the direct object of a verb
- after certain prepositions such as für "for"
Since there's nothing here that would require the accusative (or any particular) case, use the nominative case, which is the "default" case when quoting words or phrases out of context.
"eine" is a indefinite female article --->>> "eine Orange" (die Orange - fem)
"ein" is a indefinite male and neuter article --->>> "ein Apfel (der Apfel - mas) | ein Brot" (das Brot - neu)
"eine" and "ein" always represent only the amount "one" and can therefore be used only in the singular
In nominative case you use "eine" with female words and "ein" with male and neuter words
My mother told me that another way to say Orange is "Apfelsine". Does someone know which one of those is the most used?