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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/gab_dk

Here are my grammar cheat sheet

During my learning of Polish, I have written down all the grammar rules I would find, and it turns out it is many!

I am now posting in them in a blog, maybe it can be useful to more than me.

Here it is: http://worldwords.eu/

Beware that it is only "cheat sheet", it will not teach you the language.

List of articles:

January 5, 2016

25 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kiddo-depido

One of my goals is to finish the Polish tree somewhere this year, so thanks! :)

Shortcuts for cases:

Instrumental:
every plural noun gets "ami"
every plural adj. gets "ymi" or "imi"

feminine singular gets "ą", both nouns and adj.

every masculine singular noun gets "em"
every masculine singular adj. gets "ym" or "im"
neuter singular adjs. and nouns are the same as masculine singular adjs. and nouns

Accusative:
feminine singular adjs. get "ą"
feminine singular nouns get "ę"

masculine personal and animate singular (masculine 'moving' as I call that) adjs. get "ego"
masculine personal plural adjs. get "ych" or "ich".
Mnemotechnic:"Ego" means the same as "ich", Latin vs. German

masculine moving singular nouns get "a"
masculine personal plural gets "ów" or "i" or "y"

the rest remains nominative

Genitive:
masculine moving singular is the same as accusative, "ego" for adjs. and "a" for nouns
masculine personal plural is the same, but nouns only "ów"
masculine inanimate nouns get "u" instead of "a", but adjs. get "ego" as well
other masculine plural nouns do get "y/i"

feminine plural adjs. are "ych/ich"
feminine singular adjs. are "ej"
all feminine nouns are "y/i" plural and singular

neuter plural is the same as feminine, "ych/ich" and "y/i"
neuter singular is the same as masculine moving singular, "ego" and "a"


I'll stop there. Those are some kind of shortcuts


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/anitramwaju

”Masculine inanimate nouns get 'u' instead of 'a'“ is not true. Masculine inanimate nouns can get 'u' or 'a' (and unfortunately there are no rules to know which noun takes 'a' or 'u').


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Robbymyler

What is the deal with locative? Duolingo still hasn’t given me any real tips for it. They only gave me adjective declensions.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Jellei
Mod
  • 3

Well, what would you like to know?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Robbymyler

What are the noun endings for locative? Also when do I use locative?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Jellei
Mod
  • 3

For the endings, I'd go to [link removed for safety reasons]

Locative is used after most (but not all, for sure not: przed/za/nad/pod) of the prepositions denoting location, so the most common one will probably be "w" ('in').

It is also used after "o", meaning "about", when this "about" could be substituted with "on the topic of" (like "książka o zwierzętach" = "a book about animals).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/gab_dk

Yes I wrote this in form of a table in the article Cases :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kiddo-depido

Yes, but see how I wrote "every plural gets 'ami' ", those sorts of things

Idk, that helps me remember them more easily, maybe I'm strange xD


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Shoda_Fayez

Thanks for sharing these wonderful information and tips, I needed them very much :D


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Helen380062

Thank you. Lubię cię +++.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/bufferz91

wow how can i save these? Also ave these been checked by a native :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/gab_dk

Yes and yes :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LucieSchaar

Amazing, this is very helpfulm thank you. I should have done the same since a long time ;)


[deactivated user]

    Thank you for sharing this! Very helpful x


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LearninLis

    Do you have a list of when you use each case? Thanks!


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/gab_dk

    No sorry I didn't write that, I only have the list for which case to use after each preposition in the Prepositions article


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Nina943880

    do the different colors symbolize the different cases?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/gab_dk

    Yes, see the colors in the table Cases, in the article Cases and examples


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Mandiras

    Is there any explanation available for the color coding? In the sheet about cases for example, why is the accusative ów yellow and i~y pink? (the same applies to some locative endings)


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/gab_dk

    In this table the yellow and pink refer to the yellow and pink from the Letters table right above. The case ending will depend on whether the last letter is hard or soft consonant.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CelioFM

    Wonderful! I´ve copied parts to study later on paper. Two lingots for you.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ChloeAna1

    Thank you, these are very helpful. I was wondering if anyone knew any specific websites or exercises I could do to practise the case endings? I'm not very good at the cases and find them quite frustrating so I would love something to help me practise them. Good luck with your language learning everyone :)


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Jellei
    Mod
    • 3

    Try [link removed for safety reasons]

    And don't look at Genitive neuter ;)


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/maltriseins

    Having real difficulties with the cases. This is helpful. Thank you!


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kristina631889

    Thank you so much for sharing your resource!

    Learn Polish in just 5 minutes a day. For free.