Here are my grammar cheat sheet
During my learning of Polish, I have written down all the grammar rules I would find, and it turns out it is many!
I am now posting in them in a blog, maybe it can be useful to more than me.
Here it is: http://worldwords.eu/
Beware that it is only "cheat sheet", it will not teach you the language.
List of articles:
One of my goals is to finish the Polish tree somewhere this year, so thanks! :)
Shortcuts for cases:
every plural noun gets "ami"
every plural adj. gets "ymi" or "imi"
feminine singular gets "ą", both nouns and adj.
every masculine singular noun gets "em"
every masculine singular adj. gets "ym" or "im"
neuter singular adjs. and nouns are the same as masculine singular adjs. and nouns
feminine singular adjs. get "ą"
feminine singular nouns get "ę"
masculine personal and animate singular (masculine 'moving' as I call that) adjs. get "ego"
masculine personal plural adjs. get "ych" or "ich".
Mnemotechnic:"Ego" means the same as "ich", Latin vs. German
masculine moving singular nouns get "a"
masculine personal plural gets "ów" or "i" or "y"
the rest remains nominative
masculine moving singular is the same as accusative, "ego" for adjs. and "a" for nouns
masculine personal plural is the same, but nouns only "ów"
masculine inanimate nouns get "u" instead of "a", but adjs. get "ego" as well
other masculine plural nouns do get "y/i"
feminine plural adjs. are "ych/ich"
feminine singular adjs. are "ej"
all feminine nouns are "y/i" plural and singular
neuter plural is the same as feminine, "ych/ich" and "y/i"
neuter singular is the same as masculine moving singular, "ego" and "a"
I'll stop there. Those are some kind of shortcuts
”Masculine inanimate nouns get 'u' instead of 'a'“ is not true. Masculine inanimate nouns can get 'u' or 'a' (and unfortunately there are no rules to know which noun takes 'a' or 'u').
Yes, but see how I wrote "every plural gets 'ami' ", those sorts of things
Idk, that helps me remember them more easily, maybe I'm strange xD
Thanks for sharing these wonderful information and tips, I needed them very much :D
Amazing, this is very helpfulm thank you. I should have done the same since a long time ;)
Thank you for sharing this! Very helpful x
Is there any explanation available for the color coding? In the sheet about cases for example, why is the accusative ów yellow and i~y pink? (the same applies to some locative endings)
In this table the yellow and pink refer to the yellow and pink from the Letters table right above. The case ending will depend on whether the last letter is hard or soft consonant.
Thank you, these are very helpful. I was wondering if anyone knew any specific websites or exercises I could do to practise the case endings? I'm not very good at the cases and find them quite frustrating so I would love something to help me practise them. Good luck with your language learning everyone :)
Lol, you named your grammar guide with incorrect grammar. It is not "Here are my grammar cheat sheet". It is "Here is my grammar cheat sheet" or "Here are my grammar cheat sheets"