https://www.duolingo.com/profile/gab_dk

Here are my grammar cheat sheet

During my learning of Polish, I have written down all the grammar rules I would find, and it turns out it is many!

I am now posting in them in a blog, maybe it can be useful to more than me.

Here it is: http://worldwords.eu/

Beware that it is only "cheat sheet", it will not teach you the language.

List of articles:

January 5, 2016

21 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/truelefty

One of my goals is to finish the Polish tree somewhere this year, so thanks! :)

Shortcuts for cases:

Instrumental:
every plural noun gets "ami"
every plural adj. gets "ymi" or "imi"

feminine singular gets "ą", both nouns and adj.

every masculine singular noun gets "em"
every masculine singular adj. gets "ym" or "im"
neuter singular adjs. and nouns are the same as masculine singular adjs. and nouns

Accusative:
feminine singular adjs. get "ą"
feminine singular nouns get "ę"

masculine personal and animate singular (masculine 'moving' as I call that) adjs. get "ego"
masculine personal plural adjs. get "ych" or "ich".
Mnemotechnic:"Ego" means the same as "ich", Latin vs. German

masculine moving singular nouns get "a"
masculine personal plural gets "ów" or "i" or "y"

the rest remains nominative

Genitive:
masculine moving singular is the same as accusative, "ego" for adjs. and "a" for nouns
masculine personal plural is the same, but nouns only "ów"
masculine inanimate nouns get "u" instead of "a", but adjs. get "ego" as well
other masculine plural nouns do get "y/i"

feminine plural adjs. are "ych/ich"
feminine singular adjs. are "ej"
all feminine nouns are "y/i" plural and singular

neuter plural is the same as feminine, "ych/ich" and "y/i"
neuter singular is the same as masculine moving singular, "ego" and "a"


I'll stop there. Those are some kind of shortcuts

January 5, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/anitramwaju

”Masculine inanimate nouns get 'u' instead of 'a'“ is not true. Masculine inanimate nouns can get 'u' or 'a' (and unfortunately there are no rules to know which noun takes 'a' or 'u').

January 7, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/gab_dk

Yes I wrote this in form of a table in the article Cases :)

January 5, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/truelefty

Yes, but see how I wrote "every plural gets 'ami' ", those sorts of things

Idk, that helps me remember them more easily, maybe I'm strange xD

January 5, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Shoda_Fayez

Thanks for sharing these wonderful information and tips, I needed them very much :D

January 5, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/bufferz91

wow how can i save these? Also ave these been checked by a native :)

January 5, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/gab_dk

Yes and yes :)

January 5, 2016

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LucieSchaar

Amazing, this is very helpfulm thank you. I should have done the same since a long time ;)

January 5, 2016

[deactivated user]

    Thank you for sharing this! Very helpful x

    January 6, 2016

    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LearninLis

    Do you have a list of when you use each case? Thanks!

    January 6, 2016

    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/gab_dk

    No sorry I didn't write that, I only have the list for which case to use after each preposition in the Prepositions article

    January 6, 2016

    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Nina943880

    do the different colors symbolize the different cases?

    July 25, 2016

    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/gab_dk

    Yes, see the colors in the table Cases, in the article Cases and examples

    November 11, 2016

    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Mandiras

    Is there any explanation available for the color coding? In the sheet about cases for example, why is the accusative ów yellow and i~y pink? (the same applies to some locative endings)

    October 28, 2016

    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/gab_dk

    In this table the yellow and pink refer to the yellow and pink from the Letters table right above. The case ending will depend on whether the last letter is hard or soft consonant.

    November 11, 2016

    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CelioFM

    Wonderful! I´ve copied parts to study later on paper. Two lingots for you.

    May 30, 2017

    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ChloeAna1

    Thank you, these are very helpful. I was wondering if anyone knew any specific websites or exercises I could do to practise the case endings? I'm not very good at the cases and find them quite frustrating so I would love something to help me practise them. Good luck with your language learning everyone :)

    August 31, 2017

    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Jellei

    Try mowicpopolsku.com

    And don't look at Genitive neuter ;)

    September 1, 2017

    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/maltriseins

    Having real difficulties with the cases. This is helpful. Thank you!

    September 7, 2017

    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kristina631889

    Thank you so much for sharing your resource!

    July 11, 2019

    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MattMoran01

    Lol, you named your grammar guide with incorrect grammar. It is not "Here are my grammar cheat sheet". It is "Here is my grammar cheat sheet" or "Here are my grammar cheat sheets"

    January 8, 2016
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