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  5. "Tutaj jest czysto."

"Tutaj jest czysto."

Translation:It is clean here.

January 5, 2016



Why can we not use czysty here? Is it because tutaj is an adverb, so czysty has to be in its "adverb" form that is czysto? Wouldn't "Tutaj to czyste" be right too?


I woud say that "tutaj" and "czysto" are two unrelated adverbs that happen to be in the same sentence. It in this sentence is the same it as in it's raining. This kind of sentence needs adverb in Polish.

You cannot use "to" with adjective. If the it is a specific thing the sentence would be

Tutaj to/ ono jest czyste.


It is a sentence without subject so you have to use an adverb.


Thank you to the both of you!


I disagree that you can use 'clean' as an adverb in this sentence (in English). As an adverb in English isn't it synonymous with 'completely/cleanly' e.g. "the fox jumped clean over the dog"? I don't see what action is being performed completely/cleanly in this sentence.


"it" in these kind of sentences sounds so wrong, but my english is not my primarly language so can anyone explain to me why "it" is needed here? I really appreciate it


Well, English just needs some subject, even in a sentence that is subjectless in Polish. So if there's no better option for a subject, then it's "it", I guess.


"Here is clean" sounds good to me, is it wrong?


It's fine, in the sense of "Here is clean" (as opposed to wherever still needs cleaning).


OK, added now.


In Russian, Tut cisto.


It's really hard for me to feel like using an adverb in such cases.


I think a good rule of thumb is that if the English sentence has "It" as the subject and it could not be substituted with This/That ("This is clean here" does not seem right... right?), then the Polish sentence is subjectless and cannot use an adjective.

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