What is the difference between 'sind' and 'seid'?
Hi. Ive been learning German recently, and I had a hard time getting used to all the masculine and feminine nouns. I appear to understand most of the other words. However, I dont seem to understand the difference between 'sind' and 'seid'. I am thinking of the masculine and feminine, but I am not that sure. Duolingo says that both mean 'are'. What is the exact difference between those two?
They belong to different subjects, the former belongs to third person plural, and the latter belongs to first person plural, second person formal (both singular and plural), and third person plural.
Ya'll are = ihr seid
They are = sie sind
You, my dear sir, are = Sie sind
We are = wir sind
I think, you forgot: "wir sind"
maybe it makes it easier to show the complet declension of the verb
ich: bin; du: bist; er/sie/es: ist; wir: sind; ihr: seid; sie/Sie: sind; I think it is not really logically - you have no choice but to learn it ;-)
And also: You, my dear sir, are: Sie sind (formal, singular or plural, always spelled with a capital letter)
English used to use the standard "you" as a polite form and the word "thou" as a casual form, but thou became more and more impolite and so it lost usage. Just a fun fact.
"sind" is 1. person plural (present) and "seid" is the 2. person plural (present) ich bin du bist er ist wir sind ihr seid sie sind