So 'psy' here stays in nominative? Because in Slovenian the nominative is 'psi' and then in this case 'psi' would become an object in accusative, therefore being 'imam pse'.
1) Mam needs object in Accusative (so like in Slovenian)
2) Pies is animated not personal masculine (most complicated gender)
Singular pies is animated masculine so accusative = genitive (mam psa)
plural psy is not personal so accusative=nominative
Ah, I see. So non-personal plural nouns (like pies, kot, pomidor ...) are the same in nominative and accusative? :)
(Learning a similar language can often be quite confusing. :P)
Yes, also women (It's masculine personal vs not that)
Also nominative=accusative for not animated masculine and all neuter singular nouns)
I understand "animate" vs "inanimate". However, I do not understand what "not personal" means in this respect. That is my first question. Second question: does statement above tell me that singular pies is "personal" and plural psy is "not personal"? If yes, why would singular vs plural change that in a noun?
those are two different things. techniacally pies is animated not-personal.
a noun being animated or not is important for singular, if a noun is personal or not is important for plural.
Basically masculine nouns are divided into three categories: Masculine personal (mężczyzna, chłopiec, ojciec), masculine animated not personal (pies, kot,), masculine not animated ( zeszyt, stół, chleb).
Personal nouns describe people. not personal nouns describe everything else.
Masculine personal nouns , are masculine nouns that describe people,
not masculine personal nouns are either masculine nouns that do not describe people, or all feminine and neuter nouns.
OK, I just have to say this. As far as languages that decline nouns go, over the years I have studied Latin, Russian, and Ukrainian so far. (German hardly counts, because its declension system is so simple by comparison.) But I have never yet seen a language as complicated in its nominal declensions as Polish. 'Masculine animated not personal' ... it's almost too much to believe. :-)
However, I'm also very thankful that I have that experience. When I see people in these early stages of the Polish course asking "what do nominative and accusative mean?" I feel very sorry for them. They are really in for a tough road ahead. I can't even imagine trying to tackle Polish without having any prior experience in studying a language with complicated nominal gender and case systems!
Thanks. I got confused because of nominative and accusative being the same in this case. :P