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  5. "Die Orange"

"Die Orange"

Translation:The orange

December 16, 2013

103 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/dnqthao

The german R is different from the english r. Similar to french r


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JoshuaBool

Noticed that. Very french sounding


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MarioGuadagnuolo

Orange in german isn't neutral?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/biscuitbarrel

Nope, "die" in this case is feminine.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DrMankowitz

There is no real logic as to why words are a specific gender in German; Mädchen is neutral, Orange is feminine. There are some rules, but each has many exceptions. The best way to learn them is to get a feel for the rules for coming across new words, and just memorize the genders of the words you already know. Good luck!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ashleykrill

Der Kaffee seems to defy all of these tips lmfao....wtf Germany


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/A.S.Beg

This is same with Hindi, you memorize it!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ellablun

the thing i find works, is to write all nouns in 3 columns. that way you don't have to try to remember if the noun is f, m, or n, your brain memorizes with 0 effort in which column the word is, and you instantly know what gender it has. otherwise, it's really difficult to remember. but this way you use brain's inane ability to memorize crap you normally don't want to memorize for something that works in your favor.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sarefo
Mod
  • 1145

Objects ending in -e are almost all feminine.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Lerohameaux

How do you pronounce "Orange" ? Its sounded like O-wan-je


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SimoneBa

Just pronounce the "g" as you would a German "sch", i.e. "Oransche"


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/martini_shady

You mean it can be pronounced like "O-gan-sche"?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/A.S.Beg

Or O-ran-shay?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/tedexline

When an e is positioned in the last place of a word in German it is usually pronounced like an English short u..


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/willic.the.geek

I'm not hearing R sound.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/buikientrung

I'm also a Vietnamese struggling in picking up German =))


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Swiftrun7.62

You are almost correct. Orange in German is pronounced; Or-on-je. Keep working at it and you will soon be fluent in German.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/akia00_

It's like O-raaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaan-je. Optional throat noises


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/raupach

Depends a bit on where you live. Some say "Oransche" others "Oronsche".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Andreas305

I would rather say, it depends on the people itself. Them, who have a good knowledge of french, will pronounce it that way but of course with the typical muffled "-e" and the end.

The others will speak it more germanized with a voiceless "sch": "Orangsche". And a lot of people prefer to use the word "Apfelsine" instead of "Orange". Both are female at least :-)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Andreas305

Yes, in the northern and eastern part of Germany that word is used as synonyme for "the orange". It means "chinese apple". In dutch they say "Sinaasappel"


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BPOMowe

The correct word in Swedish is "apelsin", constructed from the archaic "apel" ("äpple" in modern Swedish) and "Sino" (like is "Sinologist").


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/awefulwaffle

In Danish: "en appelsin" = an orange, "appelsinen" = the orange


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/CapdeBurro

Äpplesin in Swedish also


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NikolaiK.

Thank you for the tip, Andreas!! In Russian we have "апельсин" (apelssin) so I guess this word came to our language from German.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Dr.Jimmy83

can we use Orange to describe the color too like in English ?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Andreas305

Yes and no :-)

"die Orange" as a noun is written with a capital letter and pronounced with a muffled "e", as I discribed in this thread further above.

The color "orange" is written with a small initial letter, the "e" at the end is not pronounced!

So it is correct to say in German: "Die Orange ist orange."


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jliusiwei

So it's basically pronounced like the French (including the "r" and the nasal "an"), and the only difference between the two is that the "e" that would usually be silent in French is pronounced in German? Is that it? I do speak French, by the way.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ungewitig_Wiht

German R is already French R.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DanielJReynolds

Why is Orange feminine and Orangensaft masculine?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sarefo
Mod
  • 1145

Almost all "things" ending in -e are feminine (Orange, Flasche, Tasche, …). Saft is masculine. So everything ending in -saft will be masculine.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DanielJReynolds

Danke Schön! Du hast ein Lingot!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sarefo
Mod
  • 1145

Oh danke, jetzt habe ich 6602 Lingots ;)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SparkyCola

Is orange the only word in German with a soft G sound? Or are there more?

It seems to me usually German Gs are hard like in garden or slug, not soft like orange or large


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Andreas305

You are right, the german G is usually hard spoken - and at the end of a word it sounds like a K.

It is only soft spoken in foreign words, they were taken over. Another example is "garage"


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/rabar.bar

And regiseur (correct me if I've misspelled it).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/KxngDeo.

Do r's in German sound like French r's?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Problemzerstorer

In my experience, yes. "The "r" sound in German and French are both canonically uvular fricatives." https://www.quora.com/Does-the-French-r-sound-exactly-like-the-German-equivalent-in-most-of-the-situations.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Bayu199004

The Dog is "Der Hund" in German because its masculine, right? Then what about Female Dog? is it have to use "Der" or "Die" ?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Kreuzbergerin

A female dog is "die Hündin", the male dog is "der Hund" which is commonly used to describe any dog. Except for a 'hotdog, which is a "Würstchen".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RajiReddy1

Why not Die Orangen


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

That would be plural, "the oranges", but this phrase is singular, "the orange".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ya_pidorac

You ever have a day where your brain translates this to, quite simply, "Die, orange"?

...that day came today, apparently


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/WatchDogs

How to pronounce the final 'e' in german? For example, the word, "Junge", How can I pronouce the last 'e'?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/pastacat3

'E's are pronounced as a short 'u'. So Junge would be like "yoon-ga".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Kanatofan

The english orange is spelled the same way as the german orange but pronounced differently, why?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/tedexline

Your question warrants a quite lengthy answer. To make a long story short, pronunciation changes across various regions of the world, regardless if it's spelled the same.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Maxrocks94

Doesn't it seem strange that orange in german sounds like it's being spoken in French? Why in the world is that?!


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sarefo
Mod
  • 1145

France + Germany are neighbors. When we take words from them, we often take the pronunciation as well. Just as we take the English pronunciation from English loanwords (joggen, Computer, …).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Kreuzbergerin

why is the translation for orange not also "Apfelsine", as is commonly used in Germany?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/danpenguin56

Why is the Orange die


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AlvinLarss

There is no real reason to why words have a specific gender in German, they just do. There are a few rules, but they have lots of exceptions.

In this case we can use the rule that words ending with an e almost always are feminine (meaning they have the article die), and we'd get the right answer. But you'll quickly notice that this rule doesn't hold for all words:

der Affe (the monkey)

der Löwe (the lion)

der Name (the name)

der Kaffee (the coffee)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/sarefo
Mod
  • 1145

the "die …-e" rule is very consistent for "things" (no people/animals/ideas). Only common exceptions I can think of are "das Auge" and "der Käse".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Thomask553333

I searched the Collins dictionary, it said Orange is a neuter noun. But in google, both die and das seem to be ok. Why?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JalynKircher

Is all food feminine? If not what makes some food feminine and some not?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JamesKain

The pronunciation offered by the male voice was horrid.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/thePRCko

Hi. Have you noticed in some of the exercises they pronounce Orange with kind of muffled g while in others with kind of sch or zh? Are both correct and is one of them regional pronounciation or why is that? I understand the zh seems to have French origin but as to why there's two I don't get. Thanks.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ellablun

what is the point of this exercise. there's not a single person here who can't translate this


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/MatHarbert

I've heard it, and say it, with a soft "g" sounding similar to "lange." This feels more natural and sounds more normal to me. Is this wrong, though? I have not seen anyone in the comments asking about it, nor have I heard it on Duolingo (Although, it does accept this pronunciation). Surely, I am not the only one in the world to say it that way.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Cincere10

It takes to long to load


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/SiddheshCh11

Describe where to use die and der, getting confused


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/JamesQuent1

Der apfel!, die orange wtf?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/james502406

life=stupid!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!and it sounds French


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/DonFuchs1

Mine should've been excepted


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/carlae3

I need to learn the differences in the use of das, die and der. Why 'das' Obst, 'die' Orange and 'der' Apfel?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Puett

Duo does not accept "Apfelsine", which is used in many parts of Germany


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Reenurani

Its hard to understand the correct pronunciation . Anybody is there to help me, how to say it?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/robert610086

Having trouble with german word for Orange


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Duck_ie

I TYPED ORANGE AND ITS WRONG IT WAS DIE ORANGE THE ORANGE I HEARD ONLY ORANGE BUT IT WAS WITH THE !? >:(


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/supergamer100089

So, i got the question correct what i wanna know, (for future learning) how are you supposed to know whether or not to put "die" "das" or "der" how would you know if a word is feminine, masculine, or neuter, because ive lost entire lessons because die, das, and der, were never explained clearly enough. And maybe someone else on here would know more than i do.

Thanks -super


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ayo992307

You are not consistent. Sometimes if I accidentally write translation instead of what I hear it lets me write what I hear and sometimes it just makes it wrong.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/bogg22

I got told when you use orange as an adjective it doesnt get inflected same with rosa and lila... Just heads up


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Andreas305

About the adjective "orange" I am used to decline it. I take a male, a female and a neutral noun to show all the four cases. To leave the adjective "orange" undeclined sounds strange to me, though it should be correct as well.

Nominativ: ein oranger Zug, eine orange Lampe, ein oranges Buch

Genitiv: eines orangen Zuges, einer orangen Lampe, eines orangen Buches

Dativ: einem orangen Zug, einer orangen Lampe, einem orangen Buch

Akkusativ: einen orangen Zug, eine orange Lampe, ein oranges Buch

Because of the colors "rosa" and "lila". They are not declined usually. But in the colloquial language people do it. So you can hear maybe "ein lilanes Buch" instead of "ein lila Buch" or "eine rosane Lampe" instead of "eine rosa Lampe"


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Sara2628

I was about to say Die Orange bit it didnt let me. Whyy???


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/GalacticCowboy

Guys im confused...about Die,Das,Der please explain


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/tu.8zPhLD72zzoZN

A word in German can be masculine, feminine or neuter: Der Mann, die Frau, das Auto. It is best to learn the article with the noun to learn which gender it is, because the gender of the noun does not always match the gender of what the word represents. For example, the German word for "the girl" is das Mädchen, while "the dog" is "der Hund", "the cat" is "die Katze" and "the horse" is "das Pferd".


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/macke03

Standard PitchingMore Stats Glossary · Hide Partial · Show Minors · SHARE · CSV · PRE · LINK · More Tools Minors Game Logs [+] Splits [+] HR Log vs. Batter Finders [+] Year Age Tm Lg W L W-L% ERA G GS GF CG SHO SV IP H R ER HR BB IBB SO HBP BK WP BF ERA+ WHIP H/9 HR/9 BB/9 SO/9 SO/BB Awards 1986 23 CHC NL 7 4 .636 5.05 16 16 0 1 1 0 87.1 107 52 49 10 42 1 45 3 3 3 395 80 1.706 11.0 1.0 4.3 4.6 1.07
1987 24 CHC NL 12 15 .444 5.10 35 33 1 1 0 0 201.0 210 127 114 28 97 9 147 5 2 11 899 83 1.527 9.4 1.3 4.3 6.6 1.52
1988 25 CHC NL 9 15 .375 3.48 34 30 1 3 1 0 202.0 212 84 78 20 55 7 121 4 0 4 855 105 1.322 9.4 0.9 2.5 5.4 2.20
1989 26 TEX AL 4 9 .308 4.86 15 15 0 1 0 0 76.0 84 51 41 10 33 0 44 2 0 1 337 82 1.539 9.9 1.2 3.9 5.2 1.33
1990 27 TEX AL 2 6 .250 4.66 33 10 6 1 0 0 102.1 115 59 53 6 39 4 58 4 0 1 447 85 1.505 10.1 0.5 3.4 5.1 1.49
1991 28 STL NL 0 5 .000 5.74 8 7 1 0 0 0 31.1 38 21 20 5 16 0 20 1 1 2 142 65 1.723 10.9 1.4 4.6 5.7 1.25
1993 30 BAL AL 12 9 .571 3.43 25 25 0 3 1 0 152.0 154 63 58 11 38 2 90 6 1 1 630 130 1.263 9.1 0.7 2.3 5.3 2.37
1994 31 BAL AL 5 7 .417 4.77 23 23 0 0 0 0 149.0 158 81 79 23 38 3 87 2 0 1 631 105 1.315 9.5 1.4 2.3 5.3 2.29
1995 32 BAL AL 8 6 .571 5.21 27 18 3 0 0 0 115.2 117 70 67 18 30 0 65 3 0 0 483 92 1.271 9.1 1.4 2.3 5.1 2.17
1996 33 TOT AL 13 3 .813 3.98 34 21 1 0 0 0 160.2 177 86 71 23 46 5 79 2 1 3 703 126 1.388 9.9 1.3 2.6 4.4 1.72
1996 33 BOS AL 7 1 .875 4.50 23 10 1 0 0 0 90.0 111 50 45 14 27 2 50 1 1 2 405 113 1.533 11.1 1.4 2.7 5.0 1.85
1996 33 SEA AL 6 2 .750 3.31 11 11 0 0 0 0 70.2 66 36 26 9 19 3 29 1 0 1 298 150 1.203 8.4 1.1 2.4 3.7 1.53
1997 34 SEA AL 17 5 .773 3.86 30 30 0 2 0 0 188.2 187 82 81 21 43 2 113 7 0 3 787 116 1.219 8.9 1.0 2.1 5.4 2.63
1998 35 SEA AL 15 9 .625 3.53 34 34 0 4 3 0 234.1 234 99 92 23 42 2 158 10 1 3 974 131 1.178 9.0 0.9 1.6 6.1 3.76
1999 36 SEA AL 14 8 .636 3.87 32 32 0 4 0 0 228.0 235 108 98 23 48 1 137 9 0 3 945 130 1.241 9.3 0.9 1.9 5.4 2.85 CYA-6 2000 37 SEA AL 13 10 .565 5.49 26 26 0 0 0 0 154.0 173 103 94 22 53 2 98 3 1 4 678 83 1.468 10.1 1.3 3.1 5.7 1.85
2001 38 SEA AL 20 6 .769 3.43 33 33 0 1 0 0 209.2 187 84 80 24 44 4 119 10 0 1 851 122 1.102 8.0 1.0 1.9 5.1 2.70 CYA-4 2002 39 SEA AL 13 8 .619 3.32 34 34 0 4 2 0 230.2 198 89 85 28 50 4 147 9 0 3 931 128 1.075 7.7 1.1 2.0 5.7 2.94
2003 40 SEA AL 21 7 .750 3.27 33 33 0 1 0 0 215.0 199 83 78 19 66 3 129 8 0 0 897 132 1.233 8.3 0.8 2.8 5.4 1.95 AS,CYA-5 2004 41 SEA AL 7 13 .350 5.21 34 33 1 1 0 0 202.0 217 127 117 44 63 3 125 11 0 1 888 87 1.386 9.7 2.0 2.8 5.6 1.98
2005 42 SEA AL 13 7 .650 4.28 32 32 0 1 0 0 200.0 225 99 95 23 52 2 102 8 0 3 868 98 1.385 10.1 1.0 2.3 4.6 1.96
2006 43 TOT MLB 11 14 .440 4.30 33 33 0 2 1 0 211.1 228 110 101 33 51 5 108 5 1 3 894 105 1.320 9.7 1.4 2.2 4.6 2.12
2006 43 SEA AL 6 12 .333 4.39 25 25 0 2 1 0 160.0 179 85 78 25 44 3 82 3 1 3 685 101 1.394 10.1 1.4 2.5 4.6 1.86
2006 43 PHI NL 5 2 .714 4.03 8 8 0 0 0 0 51.1 49 25 23 8 7 2 26 2 0 0 209 117 1.091 8.6 1.4 1.2 4.6 3.71
2007 44 PHI NL 14 12 .538 5.01 33 33 0 1 0 0 199.1 222 118 111 30 66 3 133 5 0 2 867 91 1.445 10.0 1.4 3.0 6.0 2.02
2008 45 PHI NL 16 7 .696 3.71 33 33 0 0 0 0 196.1 199 85 81 20 62 4 123 11 0 3 841 118 1.329 9.1 0.9 2.8 5.6 1.98
2009 46 PHI NL 12 10 .545 4.94 30 25 1 0 0 0 162.0 177 91 89 27 43 1 94 10 1 1 699 85 1.358 9.8 1.5 2.4 5.2 2.19
2010 47 PHI NL 9 9 .500 4.84 19 19 0 2 1 0 111.2 103 64 60 20 20 0 63 6 0 0 460 84 1.101 8.3 1.6 1.6 5.1 3.15
24 Seasons 267 204 .567 4.24 686 628 15 33 10 0 4020.1 4156 2036 1892 511 1137 67 2405 144 12 57 17102 104 1.317 9.3 1.1 2.5 5.4 2.12
162 Game Avg. 14 11 .567 4.24 36 32 1 2 1 0 208 215 105 98 26 59 3 124 7 1 3 885 104 1.317 9.3 1.1 2.5 5.4 2.12
Lg W L W-L% ERA G GS GF CG SHO SV IP H R ER HR BB IBB SO HBP BK WP BF ERA+ WHIP H/9 HR/9 BB/9 SO/9 SO/BB Awards SEA (11 yrs) 145 87 .625 3.97 324 323 1 20 6 0 2093.0 2100 995 924 261 524 29 1239 79 3 25 8802 113 1.254 9.0 1.1 2.3 5.3 2.36
PHI (5 yrs) 56 40 .583 4.55 123 118 1 3 1 0 720.2 750 383 364 105 198 10 439 34 1 6 3076 96 1.315 9.4 1.3 2.5 5.5 2.22
CHC (3 yrs) 28 34 .452 4.42 85 79 2 5 2 0 490.1 529 263 241 58 194 17 313 12 5 18 2149 90 1.475 9.7 1.1 3.6 5.7 1.61
BAL (3 yrs) 25 22 .532 4.41 75 66 3 3 1 0 416.2 429 214 204 52 106 5 242 11 1 2 1744 108 1.284 9.3 1.1 2.3 5.2 2.28
TEX (2 yrs) 6 15 .286 4.74 48 25 6 2 0 0 178.1 199 110 94 16 72 4 102 6 0 2 784 84 1.520 10.0 0.8 3.6 5.1 1.42
STL (1 yr) 0 5 .000 5.74 8 7 1 0 0 0 31.1 38 21 20 5 16 0 20 1 1 2 142 65 1.723 10.9 1.4 4.6 5.7 1.25
BOS (1 yr) 7 1 .875 4.50 23 10 1 0 0 0 90.0 111 50 45 14 27 2 50 1 1 2 405 113 1.533 11.1 1.4 2.7 5.0 1.85
AL (16 yrs) AL 183 125 .594 4.10 470 424 11 25 7 0 2778.0 2839 1369 1267 343 729 40 1633 97 5 31 11735 110 1.284 9.2 1.1 2.4 5.3 2.24
NL (9 yrs) NL 84 79 .515 4.53 216 204 4 8 3 0 1242.1 1317 667 625 168 408 27 772 47 7 26 5367 93 1.389 9.5 1.2 3.0 5.6 1.89

Year Age Tm Lg IP GS R Rrep Rdef aLI RAR WAR Salary Awards 1986 23 CHC NL 87.1 16 52 58 -4 1.2 6 0.7 $60,000 1987 24 CHC NL 201.0 33 127 135 -11 1.1 8 0.9 $70,000 1988 25 CHC NL 202.0 30 84 113 -4 1.0 29 3.3 $142,500
1989 26 TEX AL 76.0 15 51 44 0 1.0 -7 -0.8 $205,000
1990 27 TEX AL 102.1 10 59 60 2 .8 1 -0.1 $340,000
1991 28 STL NL 31.1 7 21 16 1 .9 -5 -0.5 $200,000
1993 30 BAL AL 152.0 25 63 91 8 1.0 28 2.7 $200,000
1994 31 BAL AL 149.0 23 81 101 9 1.0 20 1.8 $725,000
1995 32 BAL AL 115.2 18 70 76 4 .9 6 0.4 $1,100,000
1996 33 BOS AL 90.0 10 50 70 -5 .7 20 1.4 $825,000
1996 33 SEA AL 70.2 11 36 49 3 .9 13 1.1 $
1997 34 SEA AL 188.2 30 82 119 1 1.0 37 3.7 $1,700,000
1998 35 SEA AL 234.1 34 99 152 -3 .9 53 5.2 $2,000,000
1999 36 SEA AL 228.0 32 108 171 -9 1.0 63 5.7 $2,300,000 CYA-6 2000 37 SEA AL 154.0 26 103 99 3 .9 -4 -0.4 $6,000,000
2001 38 SEA AL 209.2 33 84 114 15 .9 30 3.0 $6,500,000 CYA-4 2002 39 SEA AL 230.2 34 89 142 1 .9 53 5.3 $6,500,000
2003 40 SEA AL 215.0 33 83 123 9 .9 40 3.9 $6,500,000 AS,CYA-5 2004 41 SEA AL 202.0 33 127 134 1 1.0 7 0.6 $7,000,000
2005 42 SEA AL 200.0 32 99 126 -4 .9 27 2.6 $8,000,000
2006 43 SEA AL 160.0 25 85 102 0 .9 17 1.7 $5,500,000
2006 43 PHI NL 51.1 8 25 34 -1 .9 9 0.9 $
2007 44 PHI NL 199.1 33 118 126 2 1.0 8 0.7 $6,500,000
2008 45 PHI NL 196.1 33 85 115 5 1.0 30 3.1 $6,000,000
2009 46 PHI NL 162.0 25 91 97 0 .9 6 0.5 $6,500,000
2010 47 PHI NL 111.2 19 64 63 1 .8 -1 -0.1 $8,000,000
24 Seasons 4020.1 628 2036 2530 24 .9 494 47.3 $82,867,500 Lg IP GS R Rrep Rdef aLI RAR WAR Salary Awards SEA (11 yrs) 2093.0 323 995 1331 17 .9 336 32.4 $52,000,000 PHI (5 yrs) 720.2 118 383 435 7 .9 52 5.1 $27,000,000 CHC (3 yrs) 490.1 79 263 306 -19 1.1 43 4.9 $272,500
BAL (3 yrs) 416.2 66 214 268 21 1.0 54 4.9 $2,025,000
TEX (2 yrs) 178.1 25 110 104 2 .9 -6 -0.9 $545,000
STL (1 yr) 31.1 7 21 16 1 .9 -5 -0.5 $200,000
BOS (1 yr) 90.0 10 50 70 -5 .7 20 1.4 $825,000
Postseason PitchingPostseason Gamelog · Glossary · SHARE · CSV · PRE · LINK · More Tools Year Age Tm Lg Series Rslt Opp W L W-L% ERA G GS GF CG SHO SV IP H R ER HR BB IBB SO HBP BK WP BF WHIP H/9 HR/9 BB/9 SO/9 SO/BB 1997 34 SEA AL ALDS L BAL 0 1 .000 5.79 1 1 0 0 0 0 4.2 5 3 3 1 1 0 2 0 0 0 19 1.286 9.6 1.9 1.9 3.9 2.00 2001 38 SEA AL ALDS W CLE 2 0 1.000 1.50 2 2 0 0 0 0 12.0 8 2 2 0 2 0 10 0 0 0 45 0.833 6.0 0.0 1.5 7.5 5.00 2001 38 SEA AL ALCS L NYY 1 0 1.000 2.57 1 1 0 0 0 0 7.0 4 2 2 1 1 0 5 1 0 0 26 0.714 5.1 1.3 1.3 6.4 5.00 2007 44 PHI NL NLDS L COL 0 0 1.50 1 1 0 0 0 0 6.0 5 1 1 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 24 1.167 7.5 0.0 3.0 3.0 1.00 2008 45 PHI NL NLDS W MIL 0 1 .000 4.50 1 1 0 0 0 0 4.0 4 2 2 0 3 0 3 0 0 1 18 1.750 9.0 0.0 6.8 6.8 1.00 2008 45 PHI NL NLCS W LAD 0 1 .000 40.50 1 1 0 0 0 0 1.1 6 6 6 1 0 0 2 1 0 0 11 4.500 40.5 6.8 0.0 13.5
2008 45 PHI NL WS W TBR 0 0 4.26 1 1 0 0 0 0 6.1 5 3 3 0 1 0 5 0 0 0 25 0.947 7.1 0.0 1.4 7.1 5.00 4 Seasons (7 Series) 3 3 .500 4.14 8 8 0 0 0 0 41.1 37 19 19 3 10 0 29 2 0 1 168 1.137 8.1 0.7 2.2 6.3 2.90 2 NLDS 0 1 .000 2.70 2 2 0 0 0 0 10.0 9 3 3 0 5 0 5 0 0 1 42 1.400 8.1 0.0 4.5 4.5 1.00 2 ALDS 2 1 .667 2.70 3 3 0 0 0 0 16.2 13 5 5 1 3 0 12 0 0 0 64 0.960 7.0 0.5 1.6 6.5 4.00 1 ALCS 1 0 1.000 2.57 1 1 0 0 0 0 7.0 4 2 2 1 1 0 5 1 0 0 26 0.714 5.1 1.3 1.3 6.4 5.00 1 NLCS 0 1 .000 40.50 1 1 0 0 0 0 1.1 6 6 6 1 0 0 2 1 0 0 11 4.500 40.5 6.8 0.0 13.5
1 WS 0 0 4.26 1 1 0 0 0 0 6.1 5 3 3 0 1 0 5 0 0 0 25 0.947 7.1 0.0 1.4 7.1 5.00 Standard BattingMore Stats Glossary · Hide Partial · Show Minors · SHARE · CSV · PRE · LINK · More Tools Minors Game Logs [+] Splits [+] HR Log vs. Pitcher Finders [+] Year Age Tm Lg G PA AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI SB CS BB SO BA OBP SLG OPS OPS+ TB GDP HBP SH SF IBB Pos Awards 1986 23 CHC NL 16 30 22 3 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 5 .091 .231 .091 .322 -10 2 1 0 4 0 0 1
1987 24 CHC NL 39 75 61 3 14 1 0 0 3 0 0 6 17 .230 .294 .246 .540 44 15 0 0 7 1 0 1
1988 25 CHC NL 34 71 60 4 5 1 0 0 1 0 0 3 25 .083 .127 .100 .227 -35 6 2 0 8 0 0 1
1989 26 TEX AL 15 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
1990 27 TEX AL 33 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
1991 28 STL NL 8 9 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 4 .000 .111 .000 .111 -66 0 0 0 0 0 0 /1
1993 30 BAL AL 25 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
1994 31 BAL AL 23 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
1995 32 BAL AL 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
1996 33 TOT AL 34 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
1996 33 BOS AL 23 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
1996 33 SEA AL 11 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
1997 34 SEA AL 30 3 3 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .333 .333 .333 .667 77 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
1998 35 SEA AL 34 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000 .000 .000 .000 -100 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
1999 36 SEA AL 32 4 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 .500 .667 .500 1.167 203 1 0 0 1 0 0 1 CYA-6 2000 37 SEA AL 26 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 .000 .000 .000 .000 -100 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
2001 38 SEA AL 33 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000 .000 .000 .000 -100 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 CYA-4 2002 39 SEA AL 34 5 5 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 .200 .200 .200 .400 9 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
2003 40 SEA AL 33 6 5 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 .400 .400 .400 .800 118 2 0 0 1 0 0 1 AS,CYA-5 2004 41 SEA AL 34 2 2 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 .500 .500 .500 1.000 166 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
2005 42 SEA AL 32 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000 .000 .000 .000 -100 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
2006 43 TOT MLB 33 25 21 1 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 6 .095 .136 .095 .232 -40 2 0 0 3 0 0 1
2006 43 SEA AL 25 3 3 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 .333 .333 .333 .667 76 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
2006 43 PHI NL 8 22 18 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 5 .056 .105 .056 .161 -58 1 0 0 3 0 0 /1
2007 44 PHI NL 34 83 73 4 9 2 0 0 2 0 0 2 26 .123 .147 .151 .297 -24 11 1 0 8 0 0 1
2008 45 PHI NL 33 70 51 4 4 1 0 0 1 0 0 7 19 .078 .190 .098 .288 -22 5 0 0 12 0 0 1
2009 46 PHI NL 30 59 42 2 5 0 0 0 2 0 0 6 21 .119 .240 .119 .359 -1 5 1 1 9 1 0 1
2010 47 PHI NL 19 35 26 1 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 3 13 .077 .172 .077 .249 -30 2 0 0 6 0 0 1
24 Seasons 691 485 387 23 49 5 0 0 13 0 0 34 142 .127 .198 .140 .338 -9 54 5 1 61 2 0
162 Game Avg. 162 114 91 5 11 1 0 0 3 0 0 8 33 .127 .198 .140 .338 -9 13 1 0 14 0 0
G PA AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI SB CS BB SO BA OBP SLG OPS OPS+ TB GDP HBP SH SF IBB Pos Awards SEA (11 yrs) 324 31 26 1 7 0 0 0 3 0 0 1 7 .269 .296 .269 .566 52 7 0 0 4 0 0
PHI (5 yrs) 124 269 210 12 21 3 0 0 6 0 0 19 84 .100 .177 .114 .292 -22 24 2 1 38 1 0
CHC (3 yrs) 89 176 143 10 21 2 0 0 4 0 0 13 47 .147 .217 .161 .377 4 23 3 0 19 1 0
BAL (3 yrs) 75 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
TEX (2 yrs) 48 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
STL (1 yr) 8 9 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 4 .000 .111 .000 .111 -66 0 0 0 0 0 0
BOS (1 yr) 23 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
AL (16 yrs) 470 31 26 1 7 0 0 0 3 0 0 1 7 .269 .296 .269 .566 52 7 0 0 4 0 0
NL (9 yrs) 221 454 361 22 42 5 0 0 10 0 0 33 135 .116 .191 .130 .322 -13 47 5 1 57 2 0
Player Value--Batters WAR: 8+ MVP, 5+ A-S, 2+ Strtr, 0-2 Sub, < 0 Repl. · Glossary · SHARE · CSV · PRE · LINK · More Tools Year Age Tm Lg PA Rbat Rbaser Rroe Rdp Rfield Rpos Rrep RAR WAR oRAR oWAR dWAR Salary Pos Awards 1986 23 CHC NL 30 -3 0 0 0 0 3 1 1 0.1 1 0.1 0.0 $60,000 1
1987 24 CHC NL 75 -5 0 0 0 0 8 2 5 0.5 5 0.5 0.0 $70,000 1
1988 25 CHC NL 71 -10 0 0 0 0 6 2 -2 -0.4 -2 -0.2 -0.2 $142,500 1
1991 28 STL NL 9 -2 0 0 0 0 1 0 -1 -0.1 -1 -0.1 0.0 $200,000 /1
1997 34 SEA AL 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 $1,700,000 1
1998 35 SEA AL 2 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 -0.1 -1 -0.1 0.0 $2,000,000 1
1999 36 SEA AL 4 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0.1 1 0.1 0.0 $2,300,000 1 CYA-6 2000 37 SEA AL 2 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 -1 -0.1 -1 -0.1 0.0 $6,000,000 1
2001 38 SEA AL 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 $6,500,000 1 CYA-4 2002 39 SEA AL 5 -1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 $6,500,000 1
2003 40 SEA AL 6 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0.1 1 0.1 0.0 $6,500,000 1 AS,CYA-5 2004 41 SEA AL 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 $7,000,000 1
2005 42 SEA AL 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 $8,000,000 1
2006 43 SEA AL 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 $5,500,000 1
2006 43 PHI NL 22 -4 0 0 0 0 2 1 -1 -0.1 -1 -0.1 0.0 $ /1
2007 44 PHI NL 83 -14 0 -1 0 0 9 2 -4 -0.4 -4 -0.4 0.0 $6,500,000 1
2008 45 PHI NL 70 -9 0 0 0 0 6 2 -1 -0.2 -1 -0.1 -0.1 $6,000,000 1
2009 46 PHI NL 59 -6 0 0 0 0 6 1 1 0.1 1 0.1 0.0 $6,500,000 1
2010 47 PHI NL 35 -5 -1 0 0 0 4 1 -1 -0.1 -1 -0.1 0.0 $8,000,000 1
18 Seasons 485 -60 -1 -1 0 0 47 12 -3 -0.6 -3 -0.3 -0.3 $79,472,500 Lg PA Rbat Rbaser Rroe Rdp Rfield Rpos Rrep RAR WAR oRAR oWAR dWAR Salary Pos Awards SEA (10 yrs) 31 -2 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0 $52,000,000 PHI (5 yrs) 269 -38 -1 -1 0 0 27 7 -6 -0.7 -6 -0.6 -0.1 $27,000,000 CHC (3 yrs) 176 -18 0 0 0 0 17 5 4 0.2 4 0.4 -0.2 $272,500
STL (1 yr) 9 -2 0 0 0 0 1 0 -1 -0.1 -1 -0.1 0.0 $200,000
Postseason BattingPostseason Gamelog · Glossary · SHARE · CSV · PRE · LINK · More Tools Year Age Tm Lg Series Opp Rslt G PA AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI SB CS BB SO BA OBP SLG OPS TB GDP HBP SH SF IBB 2007 44 PHI NL NLDS COL L 1 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000 .000 .000 .000 0 0 0 0 0 0 2008 45 PHI NL NLDS MIL W 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000 .000 .000 .000 0 0 0 0 0 0 2008 45 PHI NL NLCS LAD W 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2008 45 PHI NL WS TBR W 1 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 .000 .000 .000 .000 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 Seasons (4 Series) 4 5 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 .000 .000 .000 .000 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 NLDS 2 3 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000 .000 .000 .000 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 NLCS 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 WS 1 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 .000 .000 .000 .000 0 0 0 0 0 0 Standard FieldingMore Stats Glossary · Hide Partial · SHARE · CSV · PRE · LINK · More Tools Year Tm Lg Age Pos G GS CG Inn Ch PO A E DP Fld% Rdrs Rdrs/yr RF/9 RF/G lgFld% lgRF9 lgRFG SB CS CS% PO Awards 1986 CHC NL 23 P 16 16 1 87.1 24 2 22 0 0 1.000 2.47 1.50 .953 1.94 1.94 10 5 33% 2
1987 CHC NL 24 P 35 33 1 201.0 56 15 37 4 3 .929 2.33 1.49 .956 1.91 1.90 25 12 32% 0
1988 CHC NL 25 P 34 30 3 202.0 57 11 45 1 3 .982 2.50 1.65 .954 1.96 1.96 26 14 35% 0
1989 TEX AL 26 P 15 15 1 76.0 19 5 14 0 2 1.000 2.25 1.27 .958 1.87 1.85 6 4 40% 2
1990 TEX AL 27 P 33 10 1 102.1 20 6 14 0 2 1.000 1.76 0.61 .951 1.78 1.76 9 7 44% 4
1991 STL NL 28 P 8 7 0 31.1 5 0 5 0 0 1.000 1.44 0.63 .952 1.87 1.85 8 3 27% 0
1993 BAL AL 30 P 25 25 3 152.0 40 14 25 1 1 .975 2.31 1.56 .952 1.79 1.78 5 6 55% 1
1994 BAL AL 31 P 23 23 0 149.0 29 12 17 0 1 1.000 1.75 1.26 .954 1.72 1.71 7 3 30% 0
1995 BAL AL 32 P 27 18 0 115.2 27 6 21 0 4 1.000 2.10 1.00 .959 1.79 1.77 11 3 21% 2
1996 TOT AL 33 P 34 21 0 160.2 34 6 25 3 2 .912 1.74 0.91 .962 1.77 1.76 16 3 16% 1
1996 BOS AL 33 P 23 10 0 90.0 20 3 16 1 1 .950 1.90 0.83 .960 1.77 1.76 11 1 8% 1
1996 SEA AL 33 P 11 11 0 70.2 14 3 9 2 1 .857 1.53 1.09 .964 1.77 1.76 5 2 29% 0
1997 SEA AL 34 P 30 30 2 188.2 48 14 34 0 1 1.000 2.29 1.60 .953 1.71 1.69 14 6 30% 1
1998 SEA AL 35 P 34 34 4 234.1 48 16 31 1 1 .979 1.81 1.38 .957 1.78 1.76 21 4 16% 1
1999 SEA AL 36 P 32 32 4 228.0 64 15 47 2 9 .969 2.45 1.94 .951 1.69 1.66 9 8 47% 4 CYA-6 2000 SEA AL 37 P 26 26 0 154.0 39 11 27 1 1 .974 2.22 1.46 .955 1.62 1.60 14 3 18% 1
2001 SEA AL 38 P 33 33 1 209.2 44 17 27 0 0 1.000 1.89 1.33 .953 1.75 1.74 12 7 37% 1 CYA-4 2002 SEA AL 39 P 34 34 4 230.2 57 22 34 1 5 .982 2.18 1.65 .956 1.69 1.67 12 6 33% 4
2003 SEA AL 40 P 33 33 1 215.0 51 19 31 1 2 .980 0 0 2.09 1.52 .956 1.73 1.71 11 6 35% 4 AS,CYA-5 2004 SEA AL 41 P 34 33 1 202.0 38 14 24 0 3 1.000 3 3 1.69 1.12 .945 1.66 1.65 9 4 31% 2
2005 SEA AL 42 P 32 32 1 200.0 46 18 28 0 2 1.000 -2 -2 2.07 1.44 .952 1.70 1.68 27 7 21% 4
2006 TOT MLB 43 P 33 33 2 211.1 50 12 36 2 5 .960 4 3 2.04 1.45 .958 1.60 1.58 11 8 42% 5
2006 SEA AL 43 P 25 25 2 160.0 32 8 23 1 4 .969 2 2 1.74 1.24 .958 1.56 1.54 8 7 47% 4
2006 PHI NL 43 P 8 8 0 51.1 18 4 13 1 1 .944 2 8 2.98 2.13 .958 1.72 1.71 3 1 25% 1
2007 PHI NL 44 P 33 33 1 199.1 47 14 32 1 0 .979 4 4 2.08 1.39 .964 1.68 1.67 9 6 40% 3
2008 PHI NL 45 P 33 33 0 196.1 42 18 22 2 1 .952 -1 -1 1.83 1.21 .959 1.73 1.72 13 6 32% 3
2009 PHI NL 46 P 30 25 0 162.0 27 7 19 1 0 .963 -2 -2 1.44 0.87 .954 1.72 1.70 14 5 26% 4
2010 PHI NL 47 P 19 19 2 111.2 19 2 16 1 0 .947 -3 -5 1.45 0.95 .954 1.73 1.72 12 1 8% 0
24 Seasons P 686 628 33 4020.1 931 276 633 22 48 .976 3 0 2.03 1.33 .955 1.74 1.73 311 137 31% 49
24 Seasons TOT 686 628 33 4020.1 931 276 633 22 48 .976 3 2 2.03 1.33 .955 1.74 1.73 311 137 31% 49 Reply With Quote Reply With Quote August 14th, 2011 #3 1still_waters Guest Default Re: The official copy and paste long chunks of text no one will read thread Wikipedia on Jamie Moyer

Jamie Moyer (born November 17, 1962) is an American professional left handed baseball pitcher who is currently a free agent. At the time of his last game to date (in June 2010), he was the oldest player in the major leagues and had the most wins, losses, and strikeouts of any active Major League pitcher. He has been likened to Phil Niekro.[1][2][3] Moyer has pitched for the Chicago Cubs, Texas Rangers, St. Louis Cardinals, Baltimore Orioles, Boston Red Sox, Seattle Mariners and Philadelphia Phillies. He made the All-Star team in 2003, while with the Mariners. Moyer has won numerous awards for philanthropy and community service, including the 2003 Roberto Clemente Award, the 2003 Lou Gehrig Memorial Award, the 2003 Hutch Award and the 2004 Branch Rickey Award. Moyer is one of only 29 players in baseball history to date to have appeared in Major League games in four decades. Contents [hide] 1 Amateur career 1.1 High school 1.2 College 2 Professional career 2.1 1986–1996 2.2 Seattle Mariners 2.2.1 1996–1998 2.2.2 1999–2000 2.2.3 2001–2003 2.2.4 2004–2005 2.3 Philadelphia Phillies 2.3.1 2006 2.3.2 2007 2.3.3 2008 2.3.4 2009 2.3.5 2010–2011 3 Personal life 4 See also 5 References 6 External links Amateur career

High school Moyer attended Souderton Area High School in Souderton, Pennsylvania, where he played baseball, basketball, and golf. College Moyer pitched at Saint Joseph's University where in 1984 he set the school's single-season records in wins, with 16, ERA, with 1.99, and strikeouts, with 90.[4] In 1997 he became the only Saint Joseph's baseball player to have his jersey number, number 10, retired,[4] and was one of three inductees into the first class of the St. Joseph's Baseball Hall of Fame. He was drafted by the Chicago Cubs in the sixth round of the 1984 amateur draft, and completed his college degree from Indiana University in 1996. Professional career

1986–1996 Moyer was selected a New York – Penn League All-Star in 1984. He made his major league debut with the Chicago Cubs on June 16, 1986, against Steve Carlton and the Philadelphia Phillies, and got his first win. Later that year, on August 16, he threw his first shutout against the Montreal Expos. He was also the starting pitcher for the Cubs on the day that Greg Maddux made his major league debut. In 1987, Moyer ranked tenth in the National League in strikeouts with 147, while winning 12 games. Following his then-best season in 1988, he was traded to the Texas Rangers as part of the 9-player Rafael Palmeiro for Mitch Williams trade.[2] Moyer was on the disabled list with a sore left shoulder for much of a disappointing 1989 season. 1990 saw Moyer spend time in the bullpen before regaining a spot in the starting rotation. Moyer was released as a free agent after the 1990 season and was signed by the St. Louis Cardinals. He made seven starts for the Cardinals in 1991 before being sent to the minor leagues on May 24, and was released on October 14. In 1992, Moyer went to spring training with the Chicago Cubs, but was released and spent the rest of the season in the minor league system of the Detroit Tigers. On December 18, 1992, Moyer signed with the Baltimore Orioles. Moyer began the 1993 campaign in the Oriole minor leagues, before being called up on May 30. He tied his career-high total in wins with 12 and a new career-low ERA of 3.43. The strike-shortened 1994 season was disappointing for him, but he was third on the staff in innings pitched. In 1995, Moyer again found himself in the Baltimore bullpen, but worked his way back into the starting rotation. He was released following the 1995 campaign, but his contract was picked up by the Boston Red Sox on December 22. Moyer started the 1996 season in the Boston bullpen, but made seven starts for the Red Sox by year's end. Seattle Mariners 1996–1998

Moyer was the Mariner franchise's all-time leader in starts, wins and IP. He went 145-87 with an ERA of 3.97 over eleven seasons with the M's. In the middle of the 1996 season, he was traded to the Seattle Mariners on July 30, where he would start 11 games and go 6–2. His record of 13–3 would lead the majors in winning percentage at .813. In 1997, Moyer was fifth in the American League with 17 wins. His 17–5 record gave him the second highest winning percentage (.773) in the league. Moyer would make his first postseason start against his former club Baltimore, but was forced out with a strained elbow in the fifth inning. In 1998, Moyer went 15–9 with a 3.53 ERA. He was third in innings pitched with 234.1. He registered his 100th career win against the Cleveland Indians on August 27, as well as his 1000th career strikeout with a sixth inning strikeout of David Bell. He was named Seattle's Pitcher of the Year by the Seattle chapter of the BBWAA. 1999–2000 He walked two or fewer batters in 29 of his 32 starts. He ranked fourth in the American League averaging just 1.9 walks per nine innings. Moyer was also third among the league in innings pitched and seventh winning percentage. He matched career-best seven game winning streak that stretched from May 11 to July 7. He started the Inaugural Game at Safeco Field on July 15 against the San Diego Padres, throwing a called strike to San Diego's Quilvio Veras for the first pitch getting a no-decision in Seattle's 3–2 loss after leaving with a 2–1 lead after eight innings.[5] He defeated Baltimore for the ninth straight time on July 31; did not lose to the Orioles, in the 1990s. Moyer's only loss at Safeco came on August 5 against the New York Yankees. He recorded three complete games in the final month of the season, tossing back-to-back complete games on September 14 and 19. His 2.30 ERA after the All-Star break was the second-lowest among AL starters, behind only Pedro Martinez with his 2.01 ERA. He pitched 4 complete games for the second-straight season, tying his career best. In 1999, Moyer went 14–8 with a 3.87 ERA and was voted to The Sporting News AL All-Star team. He again won the Seattle Pitcher of the Year award. 2000 saw Moyer rebound from an early shoulder injury to tally 13 wins, giving him at least 13 in each of his past five seasons. He made his first Opening Day start for Seattle, but lost to the Boston Red Sox 2–0 on April 4. His shoulder problems led his ERA to balloon to 5.49. A knee injury[6] suffered on the last pitch of a simulated game caused him to miss Seattle's trip to the American League Championship Series against the eventual World Series champion New York Yankees. Moyer lost five consecutive starts from August 4-24. He allowed a career-high and a club-record 11 earned runs in a 19–3 loss on August 9 against the Chicago White Sox. He allowed 11 runs, 6 earned, in a 14–4 loss on August 14 against the Detroit Tigers, joining the Houston Astros' Jose Lima as the first two pitchers since 1950 to allow ten or more runs in consecutive starts. Moyer allowed a career-high seven walks in a no-decision on August 29 against the Yankees. The Mariners' 7–2 win on September 9 against the Minnesota Twins snapped a six-game losing streak. Moyer lasted just one-and-two-thirds innings in his final start, getting a no-decision September 28 against the Texas Rangers. Moyer suffered a hairline fracture of left kneecap while pitching a simulated game on October 7. 2001–2003 In 2001 Moyer won 20 games, ranked tied for second in the American League, and his 3.43 ERA was sixth in the AL. He earned his 150th career win against the Texas Rangers on September 24. He became only the second Mariner in history to win 20 games on October 5, former teammate Randy Johnson being the other. Moyer went 3–0 with a 1.89 ERA in the postseason. He won Games 2 and 5 for the Mariners against the Cleveland Indians and also carried Game 3 against the New York Yankees before Seattle lost in Game 5. In 2002, Moyer went 13–8 with a then career low 3.32 ERA. Although he pitched 20 more innings and had a lower ERA than in 2001, he won seven fewer games. Moyer was fourth in the AL in innings with 230.2. He was tied for second in the league with 34 starts, fifth in opponents' batting average, holding opposing hitters to a .230 clip, and ninth in ERA with 3.32. He tossed a team-high 24 consecutive scoreless innings from June 16 to July 6. He averaged just two walks per nine innings pitched, tied for sixth-best in the AL. The Mariners were 20–14 in his starts. His four complete games tied his career high, also done in 1998 and 1999. He threw his seventh career complete game shutout, first of the season, on June 10 against the St. Louis Cardinals in a 10–0 win. Moyer's start on June 16 against San Diego began a streak of 24 consecutive shutout innings over four starts. He finished June 3–1 with a Major League best 1.01 ERA in five starts. He collected his 1,500th career strikeout August 24 against the Cleveland Indians. In 2003, Moyer won a career high 21 games, lost 7, and had a career low 3.27 ERA. He tied for second in the American League for wins and was sixth in ERA. His .750 winning percentage placed him fourth in the league and his 21 wins are a club record. He became the only Seattle pitcher to win 20 games more than once. Moyer was voted to his first All-Star Game in 2003. He was named for the third time the Seattle Pitcher of the Year. Moyer was also the winner of the Roberto Clemente Award, given annually to the big leaguer whose success on the field is mirrored by his impact in community service, The Hutch Award, presented annually by the world-renowned Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center to an MLB player displaying "honor, courage and dedication to baseball, both on and off the field," and The Lou Gehrig Award, presented annually to the MLB player who both on and off the field best exemplifies the character of Lou Gehrig. 2004–2005 In 2004, Moyer went 7–13 and posted his first losing record since 1994. While the year started well for him, going 5–0 with a 1.59 ERA from May 20 – June 18, Moyer ended 2004 on a 10-game losing streak. He threw the slowest fastball of all AL starters, averaging 81.6 mph.[7] One positive for Moyer was he was awarded the Branch Rickey Award for his exceptional community service following the season. During the 2005 season Moyer passed Randy Johnson to become the winningest pitcher for the Mariners on May 30. On July 8, 2005, Moyer became the 25th southpaw to win 200 games in Major League Baseball. He finished with a 13–7 record and for the second year in a row he threw the slowest fastball of all major league starters, averaging 81.7 mph.[8] On June 18, 2006, he became the 33rd man to start 500 major league games. In his 11 seasons with the Mariners, Moyer had a record of 145–87 with a 3.97 ERA in 324 games (323 starts) and is the franchise leader in wins, starts and innings pitched. Moyer is also one of the all-time leaders in 1–0 complete game losses. Moyer has lost eight games having surrendered only one run over nine innings. Before being traded in August of 2006, he was the oldest active American League player. Philadelphia Phillies 2006

Philanthropic Phillie: Moyer Foundation serves children under distress in Philadelphia and Seattle. On August 19, 2006, Moyer was traded to the Philadelphia Phillies for minor league pitchers Andrew Barb and Andrew Baldwin. In his first start with the Phillies, Moyer set a franchise record as the oldest pitcher to record a win. In eight starts with the Phillies in 2006, Moyer went 5–2 with a 4.03 ERA. After the season, Moyer signed a two-year extension worth $10.5 million with the Phillies on October 23.[9] 2007 On April 13, 2007, at age 44 Moyer combined with Tom Glavine to become the oldest matchup of lefty starters (85 years, 163 days) in major league history. He struck out six batters in the game which included his 2000th batter. Later that month, on April 29 Moyer pitched a two-hitter through 71⁄3 innings as he recorded a win against the Florida Marlins. On May 9, at age 44, Moyer broke that same record when he combined with Randy Johnson to become the oldest match up of lefty starters (88 years, 48 days) in major league history. Moyer won the game, with Johnson receiving a no decision. In the finale to the 2007 season, Tom Glavine and Moyer faced off respectively in separate games to determine the National League Eastern Division Champions, as the division lead was tied at 88 wins. Moyer defeated the Washington Nationals, pitching 51⁄3 innings and surrendering no runs, and three hits, while Glavine was crushed by the Marlins at Shea Stadium, surrendering seven runs in the first inning, hitting a batter with the bases loaded and recording only a single out before being pulled.[10] He threw the slowest fastball of all NL starters in 2007, averaging 81.1 miles per hour (130.5 km/h).[11] 2008 In 2008, at age 45, Moyer became the oldest active player in Major League baseball. On April 30, Moyer hit a single off Padres pitcher Chris Young into left center field to become the oldest Phillie ever to get a hit.[12][13] On May 26, Moyer won his 235th career game, giving him at least one victory over each Major League team. The victory came in a 20–5 win over the Colorado Rockies. Moyer pitched seven innings, struck out seven batters, and gave up four runs. He followed that in his next start against the Florida Marlins by earning his sixth victory of the season, pitching seven innings and giving up five runs. On September 11, Moyer won his 14th game of the season against the Milwaukee Brewers, which began the Phillies a seven-game win streak. On September 27, Moyer took the mound for the Phillies against the Nationals, in a game where the Phillies could clinch the National League East title with a win. Moyer pitched six innings and gave up only one run and the Phillies won the game 4–3. Moyer earned his 16th win of the year, the second oldest pitcher to accomplish this feat, finishing with a 3.71 ERA. He also threw the slowest fastball of all NL starters in 2008, averaging 81.2 miles per hour.[14] He threw cutters 29.5% of the time, the highest rate in the NL.[14] On October 4 against the Milwaukee Brewers in the 2008 National League Division Series, Moyer became the second oldest pitcher to ever start a post-season game at the age of 45 years 321 days, and the oldest since 1929 when Jack Quinn started for the Philadelphia Athletics at 46 years 103 days. On October 12, Moyer became the oldest pitcher at 45 years 329 days to pitch in a National League Championship Series game, starting in Game 3 against the Los Angeles Dodgers. However, he struggled during the game and surrendered six runs in 11⁄3 innings—his shortest start in over eight years—and went on to lose the game. On October 25, Moyer made his first World Series start against the Tampa Bay Rays, pitching 61⁄3 innings, giving up three runs, and receiving a no-decision. More impressive was that he pitched with a severe stomach virus.[15] He won his first World Series ring when the Phillies defeated the Rays on October 29, winning his first ring in his 23rd Major League Season. In his speech at the World Series celebration at Citizens Bank Park on October 31, he related to the fans that he grew up as a Phillies fan and played hooky from Souderton Area High School to attend the Phillies' championship parade in 1980. On December 15, 2008 Moyer signed a two year, $16 million contract with the Phillies, keeping him with the club through the conclusion of the 2010 season.[16] 2009 Moyer posted a 3–5 record with a 7.42 ERA,[17] but earned his 250th career win on May 31 against the Washington Nationals in a 4–2 win, becoming the 44th pitcher and the 11th lefty to do this.[18] By the All-Star break, Moyer had improved his record to 8–6 and had lowered his ERA to 5.99. On July 16, Moyer won his 255th career game, pitching a one-hitter through seven scoreless innings and passing Jack Morris for 41st on the all-time wins list. Despite leading the rotation with ten wins, Moyer sported a 5.47 ERA when the Phillies decided to move him to the bullpen, making room in their rotation for Pedro Martínez.[19] Regarding the move, manager Charlie Manuel said, "Jamie was a total professional and team player when we let him know of the decision to move him to the bullpen. He has been, and will continue to be, a very important part of this team."[19] In Moyer's bullpen debut on August 18, he relieved Martínez in the fourth inning after a rain delay, pitching six scoreless innings to earn his 11th win of the season. A similar situation occurred on August 28, as Moyer again relieved Martinez in the third inning after a rain delay. He pitched four and one third innings in relief, giving up one earned run and picked up his 12th win of the season. Moyer tore three muscles in his groin and lower abdomen while pitching against the Houston Astros on September 29. He missed the rest of the regular season, and was not on the Phillies' postseason roster.[20] 2010–2011 When asked about retiring after the expiration of his Phillies contract at the end of 2010, Moyer said, "You know, I'm going to leave that as an open-ended question because I don't know how to answer that. It could be (my last season). It potentially could be. But so could have last year. So could have two years ago, so could have five years ago."[21] After the retirement of Ken Griffey Jr. in early 2010, Moyer, along with Omar Vizquel, were the last two active players in MLB who played in the 1980s. On April 10, at age 47, Moyer became the sixth oldest pitcher to appear in a game and the eighth major league pitcher to start a game in four different decades. Moyer pitched six innings and earned his 259th career victory.[22] On May 7, Moyer became the oldest player in Major League Baseball history (47 years, 170 days) to pitch a shutout, blanking the Braves on two hits, striking out five batters and walking none.[23] Moyer also became the only MLB pitcher to throw a shutout in four different decades (1980s, 1990s, 2000s, and 2010s). On June 5, Moyer became the third MLB pitcher to win 100 games after turning 40 years old, defeating the San Diego Padres, 6–2, using just 98 pitches to accomplish the feat. It was also his second complete game of the season. On June 16, Moyer became the oldest pitcher to ever defeat the New York Yankees. Moyer beat the Yankees at 47 years, 210 days. The previous oldest pitcher to beat them was Phil Niekro at 47 years, 122 days, according to the Griffin Sports Bureau. On June 27, he became the all-time major league leader in home runs allowed (506), passing Robin Roberts. On July 20, Moyer left a start against the St. Louis Cardinals due to an elbow strain after pitching only one inning.[24] The injury proved to be a sprain in his ulnar collateral ligament and a strain of his flexor pronator, which resulted in Moyer missing the remainder of the 2010 season.[25] Reply With Quote Reply With Quote August 18th, 2011 #4

Jullianna Jullianna is offline Senior Member

Join Date April 21st, 2010 Age 44 Posts 12,810 Blog Entries 3 Rep Power 0 Default Re: The official copy and paste long chunks of text no one will read thread Why is the sky blue?

On a clear sunny day, the sky above us looks bright blue. In the evening, the sunset puts on a brilliant show of reds, pinks and oranges. Why is the sky blue? What makes the sunset red? To answer these questions, we must learn about light, and the Earth's atmosphere.

THE ATMOSPHERE

The atmosphere is the mixture of gas molecules and other materials surrounding the earth. It is made mostly of the gases nitrogen (78%), and oxygen (21%). Argon gas and water (in the form of vapor, droplets and ice crystals) are the next most common things. There are also small amounts of other gases, plus many small solid particles, like dust, soot and ashes, pollen, and salt from the oceans. The composition of the atmosphere varies, depending on your location, the weather, and many other things. There may be more water in the air after a rainstorm, or near the ocean. Volcanoes can put large amounts of dust particles high into the atmosphere. Pollution can add different gases or dust and soot. The atmosphere is densest (thickest) at the bottom, near the Earth. It gradually thins out as you go higher and higher up. There is no sharp break between the atmosphere and space.

LIGHT WAVES

Light is a kind of energy that radiates, or travels, in waves. Many different kinds of energy travel in waves. For example, sound is a wave of vibrating air. Light is a wave of vibrating electric and magnetic fields. It is one small part of a larger range of vibrating electromagnetic fields. This range is called the electromagnetic spectrum. Electromagnetic waves travel through space at 299,792 km/sec (186,282 miles/sec). This is called the speed of light.

The energy of the radiation depends on its wavelength and frequency. Wavelength is the distance between the tops (crests) of the waves. Frequency is the number of waves that pass by each second. The longer the wavelength of the light, the lower the frequency, and the less energy it contains.

COLORS OF LIGHT

Visible light is the part of the electromagnetic spectrum that our eyes can see. Light from the sun or a light bulb may look white, but it is actually a combination of many colors. We can see the different colors of the spectrum by splitting the light with a prism. The spectrum is also visible when you see a rainbow in the sky.

The colors blend continuously into one another. At one end of the spectrum are the reds and oranges. These gradually shade into yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet. The colors have different wavelengths, frequencies, and energies. Violet has the shortest wavelength in the visible spectrum. That means it has the highest frequency and energy. Red has the longest wavelength, and lowest frequency and energy.

LIGHT IN THE AIR

Light travels through space in a straight line as long as nothing disturbs it. As light moves through the atmosphere, it continues to go straight until it bumps into a bit of dust or a gas molecule. Then what happens to the light depends on its wave length and the size of the thing it hits. Dust particles and water droplets are much larger than the wavelength of visible light. When light hits these large particles, it gets reflected, or bounced off, in different directions. The different colors of light are all reflected by the particle in the same way. The reflected light appears white because it still contains all of the same colors.


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