"To jest mały pomidor."
Translation:This is a small tomato.
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I prefer understanding over lerning rules, but in case I haven't found the logic yet. So, the noun following 'to' is in nominative case (regardless of a form of byc in between)? Is a way to remember this?
- to jest noun (nom)
- to noun (nom) jest noun (instr)
- noun (nom) to noun (nom)
- noun (nom) jest noun (instr)
- jest noun (instr)
Yes you are right, but
- to noun (nom) jest noun - to is only before singular neuter nouns ( can be also *ten/ta) (it means the/this)
- noun (nom) jest tym/tą noun (instrumental) ( means the/this)
- noun (nom) can be replaced by on/ona/ono= he/she/it
- jest noun (inst) means "(he/she/it) is noun"
jest noun (nom) means "noun is (here/there)" or "(there) is a noun"
all those rules apply to plurals with "są" instead of "jest"
- it does not apply to I, you, we, you - only jestem noun (instr) etc.
- it does not apply to adjectives or possesive pronouns without nouns.