"¿Necesitas más hongos o más zanahorias?"
Translation:Do you need more mushrooms or more carrots?
We dont say "hongos" in Europe and the sentence has a very bizarre feeling as "hongos" mean "fungus". Do you need more fungus or more carrots?
An European-compliant sentence would use words like "champiñones" (the exact translation for mushrooms) or "setas" (an umbrella term that is also valid)
Yes, "hongos" has a more scientific usage and we should use in the same contexts as "fungus". If we need to refer to food it is better to use "setas", or even better, something more specific to the species involved: "champiñones", "setas de cardo", "boletus/boletos", "níscalos", "setas cultivadas", etc. Anyway, be aware of the fact that "setas venenosas" refer to the toxic species so "setas" are not always foodstuf.
Hongos is, however, the correct Latin American Spanish term for mushrooms. It is interesting and perhaps important to point out the differences, but Duo specifically says it teaches Latin American Spanish, so hongos is the term it teaches.
I certainly can't speak to the total geographic spread of the term hongos for comestible mushrooms, I can demonstrate that hongo is used in markets.
Now normally I support the acceptance of alternative translations when the user has no clue as to which translation fits, I think if you know that hongo means mushroom in Latin America, pairing hongos with zanahorias makes mushroom the obvious translation in context.
In Spanish, where subject pronouns are routinely omitted, you look to the conjugation of the verb as the clue to the subject. In the present tense the only possible variation of subject pronoun is with the forms that take third person singular conjugations (el, ella, usted) or third person plural conjugations (ellos, ellas, ustedes). In some other tenses the yo form is the same as the third person singular conjugations, but in every single tense and mood, the Tú and the nosotros forms are unique. Necesitar is a regular ar verb which is conjugated
[Vosotros necesitiás] Spain only
So, as you can see from the above conjugation, Do we need more mushrooms or more carrots would be ¿Necesitamos más hongos o más zanahorias?
May 21, 2017 - There are several ways to form questions in English, one of which is using the infinitive of the main verb along with some form of do.
"For all verbs except be and have we use do/does and did with the base form of the verb to make Yes/No questions for the present simple and past simple forms:
They work hard >>> Do they work hard? He works hard >>> Does he work hard? They worked hard >>> Did they work hard?
For all verbs except be and have we make negatives by putting not after do/does and did for the present simple and past simple forms:
They work hard >>> They do not (don’t) work hard He works hard >>> He does not (doesn’t) work hard They worked hard >>> They did not (didn’t) work hard."
As to why it wasn't in DL's drop down - the drop downs are not your friends. Always check another source if you are unsure of your translations and constructs. And remember that Google Translate is not reliable either.
Well the simple answer is that it is wrong because the English sentence uses more twice. But it is possible in Spanish to skip the second more and be grammatically correct. To me, the English sentence with both mores has a somewhat different meaning in that it suggests that you can have either more mushrooms or more carrots, but not both. I don't know if the Spanish has the same connotation, but I suspect it may.
Más means any more as well as more in Spanish. I agree that the English sentence would be fine either way. If you forget which one DL wants and get tripped up again, please report it.
Lynettemcw is right, the DL staff do not monitor these comments sections. Remember to post exactly what you wrote so others can help if they can.
That is another Duo glitch. For no good reason Duo thinks you need to say any if you don't say more mushrooms or more carrots. They probably accepted that answer that someone suggested without realizing that just plain more mushrooms or carrots should also work. Always report it.