"Shall we eat pasta?"
Translation:Makarna yiyelim mi?
"demek" and "yemek" change to di- and yi- before a "y" -- not only in the -yor ending (where this would be regular, e.g. "denemek, beklemek" becomes "deniyor, bekliyor") but also e.g. in the future (yiyecek) or potential (yiyebilir) -- compare "bekleyecek, bekleyebilir".
When verb stems ends with wide vowels (a,e) and takes -yor suffix (proggressive tense](, the wide vowels are replaced with narrow vowels (ı,i,u,ü).
Ex: Başlamak (to start) - Başlıyor
İzlemek (to watch) - İzliyor
Söylemek (to tell) - Söylüyor
Where did this 'yiyelim' come from? What tense is this, what suffix and what does it mean (the suffix)? Why is this "shall we"? İ am totally lost here
-(y)elim, -(y)alım is used for "Let's ...!" sentences, a sort of first-person plural imperative or jussive.
In questions, it means something like "Shall we ...?", asking for advice or for agreement on a course of action.
The equivalent ending for "I" (first person singular) is -(y)eyim, -(y)ayım -- "shall I ...?" in questions, "I think I'll ...!" in statements (e.g. "I think I'll buy that one") or "Let me" (e.g. "Let me introduce Mr Smith to you").
Gidelim! - Let's go!
Gidelim mi? - Shall we go (now)?
Bunu sizin için taşıyayım mı? - Shall I carry this for you?
Tanıştırayım: …. - Let me introduce .....
Bu elbise çok güzel görünüyor. Onu giy bakayım. - This dress looks very pretty. Put it on and let me have a look.
Beni arayacak mısın yoksa ben mi seni arayayım? - Are you going to call me or shall I call you?
I've added a few example sentences from my flashcards.
This is an suggestion sentence like the eng.sentences that starts with Let's.You dont need to think over tenses.
Examples: Sinemaya gidelim mi?/Shall we go to the cinema?
Bunu kutlayalım!/Let's celebrate this!
What is the difference between "Makarna mı yiyelim" and "Makarna yiyelim mi"
The first one questions the pasta - "Shall we eat PASTA (rather than something else)?"
The second one questions the verb or the sentence as a whole.