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https://www.duolingo.com/MickeytheGreat

Question about restating things

MickeytheGreat
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Saluton. So, my question is do you always use the question word when you restate something? Here's what I mean:

Tio estas tago, kiam mi mangxis.

Tiu estas viro, kiu mojosas.

Tie estas lando, kie mi logxas.

So, do you always use the question word here in the second part of the sentence? It seemed strange to me to use the question word in a non-question. (Sorry if I didn't explain this well haha).

7
2 years ago

5 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/pillowtibers

We do the same in English. For example, "THAT is the boy WHO won the contest." Translating your examples into English, you can see the same is true. The question words work just like their English counterparts - who, what, where, when, why, and how. You'll encounter others later, such as what time, to where, what kind of, how much, and whose. It's true that we usually use these words when asking a question, but they can also be used to give more information about the subject.

By the way, these question words are part of a group of words called correlatives. You can find charts explaining how the correlatives are constructed, and after a little practice, they make lots of sense. They're a bit time consuming, but don't let that discourage you. ^_^

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Reply2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/mizinamo
mizinamo
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The relative pronouns are identical in form with question words, yes.

(As in English ("the man WHO ate my bread", "remember the day WHEN I told you that she loved me?", "the book WHICH I read", "tell me WHAT I need to know", "tell me HOW to open the door".)

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Reply2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MickeytheGreat
MickeytheGreat
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Bone, dankon! I have another unrelated question, but I don't want to create a new post. When is "cxiuj" used? You would say: "cxiu estas malsata", "mi dankas cxiun", "mi vidas cxiun", right?

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Reply2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/mizinamo
mizinamo
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I would make a distinction between:

  • ĉiu estas malsata = everyone, every person is hungry
  • ĉiuj estas malsataj = all are hungry

i.e. using one to look at the individual members of a group, the other to look at the group as a whole. Like the difference between "all apples are red" (ĉiuj pomoj estas ruĝaj) and "each apple is red" (ĉiu pomo estas ruĝa).

Similarly, "Mi dankas ĉiujn" would mean "I thank all the people" (which you could do at once), while "Mi dankas ĉiun" could imply "I thank every person" (individually, going round one by one).

1
Reply2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MickeytheGreat
MickeytheGreat
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Dankon! Vi estas bonegulo! Haha

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Reply2 years ago