How to remember the endings?
I'm pretty new to the Norwegian (Bokmal) duolingo...does anyone have any tips on how to remember the endings for some of the words in sentances like Jenta Jenter etc?
I hope this makes sense haha!
Exactly what the other two have said: Always include the article when studying nouns. It's a matter of studying with the gender until you remember, unfortunately.
I did notice you added 'jenter' to the list, which makes me think you also have trouble with how to end other forms of the noun, too. Those are a bit easier to know. I'd study a few different ways, but at the beginning, I would study with every form of the noun:
En Buss • Bussen • Busser • Bussene -- A bus • The bus • Busses • The busses
Indefinite singular nouns include the article and the noun: En buss, et kart, en/ei jente, et bilde
Definite singular nouns have the article at the end of the word: Bussen, kartet, jenta, bildet
Indefinite plural nouns end with -er: Busser, kart**, jenter, bilder
--Single syllable, neuter (-et) nouns have no ending in plural form - to kart, mange kort, flere hus--
Definite plural nouns end with -(e)ne: Bussene, kartene, jentene, bildene
With every language, there are irregular nouns, but above is the form for all regular nouns. This seems like a LOT of info to take in, but it becomes much, much easier every time you study!
The best thing you can do is learn the ending with the noun. There are no rules which tell you what ending a noun is. It's best to have a dictionary handy so you can tell if a noun is masculine, feminine or neuter.
I hope this helps!
Always learn the nouns with their gender. Then you will little by little make fewer mistakes since the conjugations are pretty regular for most of them.
Exactly what the other commenters have said - learn the article with the word. We all learn differently, but I have found that I remember better when I practice the words in their definite singular form, because it is easy to take the ending off when needing to use it in the indefinite or any other form, and then this way it seems that if I accidentally use the wrong article, the word just sounds "wrong". A lot of it really is practice, though. It does get easier, and with regular practice, they do stick. As you progress in your studies, you will be able to learn to pick out the gender based on other "hints" in the sentence, since many of the other words sort of "point back" to the noun, so to speak. It is most certainly ok to make mistakes, just keep practicing, and before you know it, you will understand so much more than you thought you did :)