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https://www.duolingo.com/CattleRustler

help with ese/esa/eso - este/esta/esto

I don't know any rules when to use these, or the cues in the sentences that determine what to use. The problem is not when reading them in spanish and writing them in english, its the inverse, translating to spanish from english.

I know the groupings for that/those vs this/these, and the plurals (omitted from post title), so what I am looking for is rules, like what determines when to use ese vs esa, or esta vs es, etc

thanks in advance

16
4 years ago
3

28 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/carmenann11

http://spanish.about.com/od/pronouns/a/demonstrative_pronouns.htm this helped me to understand - it is simplistic...

13
Reply253 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Jason463529

This is the first time someone has put it in simple terms to understand. I finally get it after 1.5 years on duolingo. Thank you so much for the link and here's 5 lingots :D

3
Reply21 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ArielKy1
ArielKy1
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Thank you! I have not understood when to use ese or eso, and know I get it. The link you gave us has a wonderful explanation.

0
Reply3 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/DG.Eastwood

Good link. Thanks

0
Reply2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/bravo_joy
bravo_joy
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This link is amazing! Thanks, 1 year later! I have been struggling with this!

0
Reply1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/bravo_joy
bravo_joy
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This link is amazing! Thanks, 1 year later :)

0
Reply1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/rocko2012
rocko2012
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As far as I know it is as simple as agreeing with the gender of the noun it refers to(esta/esa = feminine, este/ese = masculine). And when the gender is ambiguous or it sounds like the answer to the question "what is this/that?" then use the neuter in the answer(eso/esto). I heard respreng mention before you never use the neuter directly before a noun. Note in the example "what is that? That is a cat" "¿Que es eso? Eso es un gato" there is a verb between "eso" and "gato". You would never say "eso gato" . "Gato" is masculine and it you wanted to say "that cat" it would be "ese gato" or "esa gata".

2
Reply414 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/CattleRustler

Thanks. first major thing I had wrong, noted after reading your post... este/ese = masculine

(facepalm)

5
Reply24 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/AarondMcLean

level 18 Spanish and you don't know that?

-1
Reply1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/bravo_joy
bravo_joy
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I didn't completely know that either! Esta and Eso still confuse me! I guess we all have different things to work on. :)

1
Reply1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/rogercchristie
rogercchristie
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este, esta, esto - this
estos, estas - these
ese, esa, eso - that
esos, esas - those
this and these have the t's
that and those have the so's

See the whole story at https://www.thoughtco.com/demonstrative-adjectives-3079092
And also check out https://www.thoughtco.com/demonstrative-pronouns-spanish-3079351

1
Reply31 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Miguel280968

Gracias por estos dos "lincos" y te doy "lingot"; me ayudan mucho. Pero hay que leerlos muchas veces antes que los entiendo claro. Well i hope you understand but this is a little difficult to digest!

0
Reply11 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/faelixx
faelixx
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This is amazing I finally understand! This and that was soooo confusing... Thank you!!

5
Reply3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/CattleRustler

great link, thanks

2
Reply4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/marchgo

thanks!

1
Reply1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/DG.Eastwood

I know it was a year ago but thanks for the link

0
Reply2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ChrisDavie19

Glad I found this site. Had exact same problem. Cheers rocko 2012

0
Reply2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/nilanjana_25

"Who is that woman? " is "Quién es esa mujer" and the reply to this is "That is the Spanish teacher". So should this be "Eso es profesora de español"?

0
Reply1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MeganK__

I would have thought it would be "Esa es una profesora de español", since the subject is still feminine.

0
Reply1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/haleahyumi

No because esa/ese are always modifiers, not standalone subjects. So if you said "esa es una profesora" it would be like saying "that one is a teacher" (the subject being implied).

0
Reply1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/nilanjana_25

So we would use "eso" only in this case.

0
Reply1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/BeloLinguo

Thanks for asking

0
Reply2 days ago

https://www.duolingo.com/cuaicurian

Este, esta, esto, estos y estas: denotan cercanía de lo señalado respecto al emisor.
Ese, esa, eso, esos y esas: denotan cercanía de lo señalado respecto al receptor.
Aquel, aquello, aquella, aquellos y aquellas: denotan distancia de lo señalado respecto al emisor y al receptor.
Esto, este y esta señalan lo presente.
Aquel, aquella y aquello señalan lo pasado o lo futuro.
Esto, este y esta. que se referirán a lo que acaba de mencionarse.
Aquel, aquella y aquello. que se referirán a lo que se mencionó con anterioridad.

-2
Reply74 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/CattleRustler

Thanks for taking the time to write that. Would have been easier for me to use had it been in english, but ok, beggars can't be choosers, lol.

7
Reply4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/amorlibrorum

For the beggar, a translation:

"This masculine, this feminine, this neutral, these masculine or neutral, these female: denote closeness of the indicated object with respect to the speaker/issuer.

That masculine, that feminine, that neutral, those masculine or neutral, those female: denote closeness of the indicated object with respect to the listener/receiver.

That over there masculine, that over there feminine, that over there neutral, those over there masculine or neutral, those over there female: denote distance of the indicated object with respect to both the speaker/issuer and the listener/receiver.

This masculine, this feminine, this neutral signal what is present.

That masculine, that feminine, that neutral signal what is past or what is future.

This masculine, this feminine, this neutral signal what was just mentioned.

That over there masculine, that over there feminine, that over there neutral signal what was previously mentioned."

9
Reply103 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/CamMister2

Thanks have an lingot! Keep it safe and use it to change the universe!

1
Reply12 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Miguel280968

This is great, but why does it say 3 years ago? isn't eso just been published? because I just received it as an email? It's kind of helpful but one needs it side by side with the spanish. Because That This etc. is English - thanks for the effort anyway (and I'm glad he gave you a lingot, some people are so generous!) If I had that lingot I would use it to change my shirt it badly needs to.

0
Reply1 day ago