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  5. Допоможіть! - Sentence Analys…

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/tchemerinsky

Допоможіть! - Sentence Analysis

I have a problem comprehending this sentence:

''Ця мжичка, і ця Нева, з якої тягне холодом, неначе з льоху, хіба уже одному тут вкоротили віку...''

I understand somewhat the meaning of it, yet I am unable to see why it is constructed as shown. Especially the last part of the sentence baffles me,

''...хіба уже одному тут вкоротили віку...''

where одному (один) is in ''давальний відмінок'', and віку (вік) is in ''родовий відмінок''. Can someone elaborate the grammatics underlying this sentence for me? Perhaps it is not complete, merely poetically expressed?

Daniel K.

January 18, 2016

1 Comment


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/oleh_d

This sentence is a rhetorical question:

"...хіба уже одному тут вкоротили віку..." = "...did they [the drizzle and the Neva River] here shorten age [kill] of only one man..."

"Вкоротити віку" ("cause the death", literally "shorten age [life expectancy]") is a fixed phrase, where "віку" actually is poetically expressed Accusative (знахідний відмінок) of "вік", while the regular form should be simply "вік". If you google "вкоротити віку" and "вкоротити вік", you would see that the first is much more popular.

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