"Bad men do not like children."
Translation:Źli mężczyźni nie lubią dzieci.
yes it is genitive. (nominative=genitive=accusative=vocative; all plural)-that is not often
If the verb needs accusative, it needs genitive after negation. (so most negations take genitive)
Mały always reminds me of mal so I keep accidentally using it to mean bad..... i got this one wrong because I said małe mężczyźni nie lubią dzieci.
Another thing: the 'masculine personal' form of the adjective is usually different from the other ones. For example, Ł turns into L. So it would be "mali".
Nope. The masculine personal version of the adjective is usally quite different from the other versions. In this example, z turns into ź and ł turns into l.
I am not sure if I am clear. So, does neuter, when plural, stay the same in genitive, accusative and vocative?
Something is not adding up. I have in my notes that Genetive-Neuter-Plural noun ending should change to -ek. For example: duzych jablek (large apples). What am I missing?
Oh, it seems that I was too quick with my response. Not Genitive, true. Sorry about that.
Let's see some nouns, that are neuter, and check them in plural:
drzewo -> drzewa (Nom), drzew (Gen), drzewa (Acc)
dziecko -> dzieci (Nom), dzieci (Gen), dzieci (Acc)
jabłko -> jabłka (Nom), jabłek (Gen), jabłka (Acc)
morze -> morza (Nom), mórz (Gen), morza (Acc)
pole -> pola (Nom), pól (Gen), pola (Acc)
It doesn't make much sense to discuss Vocative here, as it is used for calling/addressing people/animals: Mamo, chodź tutaj! (Mom, come here!) - you won't call the apples ;) Also, it doesn't really exist in plural, you just use the Nominative. Or you can say that the Vocative and Nominative are identical.
How do I know if it is genitiv or instrumental? So I have to remember "verbs that require genitiv" and "verbs that require instrumental"?
Any other clear explanation on how to know when to use one or another?
Well... mostly yes. Verbs that need different cases, prepositions that need different cases, constructions...
Here, it's like that: "lubić" takes Accusative ('children' are a direct object). When a sentence with Accusative is negated, then it takes Genitive instead.