How can I identify what article should I use? Der, Die, Das?
How do I identify the article? How do I recognize if a word is masculine, feminine or neuter?
however there are still a lot of exceptions, but you shouldn't be so concerned about it, it's not a crime after all ;)
That's a helpful table, but I can't help but suggest to be wary about the -nis rule. Of course, I'm aware that exceptions almost always exist but this one has a particularly high chance to be feminine instead of neuter.
Here are several examples, but there are many more:
- die Befugnis
- die Ödnis
- die Kenntnis
- die Besorgnis
- die Erlaubnis
- die Bewandtnis
- die Ersparnis
- die Verderbnis
- die Finsternis
- die Empfängnis
- die Fäulnis
- die Kümmernis
It's nevertheless more help than hindrance, probably three quarters of the time, it is neuter (however there are no masculines).
Truth people can still understand what you are saying;-) If you still have problems, you can use the Memrise Duolingo course, because there you have to remember the artice every time: http://www.memrise.com/course/335725/comprehensive-german-duolingo-vocabulary/
You need to learn the article with the noun as if it were part of the noun. All plurals use "die". Masculine nouns use "der", feminine nouns use "die" and neuter nouns use "das", but it is rather arbitrary which gender a word will have. There are some things to look out for: http://german.about.com/library/weekly/aa042098.htm http://german.about.com/cs/vocabulary/a/nsuffix.htm
There are a few rules, such as anything that ends in "ung", "tion" and plurals are all "die" as in, "Richtung, Gleichung, Funktion, Information" and there may be a few other endings that can give you some direction, otherwise it's just memorizing it. I recommend you download the app dict.cc It's a free dictionary app that allows you to see the gender of a word quickly. Anytime you think of a word, and don't know the gender, look it up. It's also really important to learn them together. Don't just learn "Haus" you have to learn "Das Haus."
I find this website very helpful, check it out http://www.deutschseite.de/grammatik/geschlecht/geschlecht.html
good luck :)
Just redo the "the" lesson and then you will get what will go with what. That's what I did and now I get it, or think of it my way, the prettier words are feminine like die and sind while the other words are neuter and masculine. I know, I'm weird but that's just my way. Hope that helps.
Honestly the real answer to this question isn't very fun... It just takes time. The more your practice german, the more you will start to associate der/die/das with the noun. It is super frustrating, but at a certain point you will kind of just know what some words are.
Super frustrating to start, but it'll come!
I asked my native German girlfriend the same question. She said you can't. ;D
if it ends in e, it's usually die. der and das are usually things you have to learn on your own, but there are also some exceptions where a word ends in e but it's der. Like der Affe, and such. really it's a memorization thing.